Systematic review and cumulative analysis of oncologic and functional outcomes after robot-assisted radical cystectomy.
BACKGROUND We report our technique for robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy (RARCP) and extracorporeal urinary diversion and present their clinical outcomes. METHODS Between October 2003 and December 2008 we performed 58 RARCPs with extracorporeal continent urinary diversion. Preoperative, operative and postoperative data was evaluated. RESULTS Mean patient age was 68 (range 46-89) years, with an average American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of 2.9. Mean operative time was 8 (range 5-11) h. Median blood loss was 450 ml. Thirteen patients received intra-operative blood transfusions and 22 patients received peri-operative blood transfusions. Continent urinary diversions were performed by means of the Studer technique (n = 42) or Indiana pouch (n = 16). Mean number of lymph nodes examined on lymphadenectomy was 27 (range 0-52). CONCLUSIONS Our RARCP and continent diversion technique is a safe and feasible option for primary urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Oncological and surgical outcomes are comparable to open cystectomy series.