Robot-assisted surgery: training and re-training surgeons.

  title={Robot-assisted surgery: training and re-training surgeons.},
  author={Alan P. Kypson and L. Wiley Nifong and W. Randolph Chitwood},
  journal={The international journal of medical robotics + computer assisted surgery : MRCAS},
  volume={1 1},
A renaissance in cardiac surgery is occurring. Cardiac operations are being performed through smaller incisions with enhanced technological assistance. Specifically, minimally invasive mitral valve surgery has become standard for many surgeons. At our institution, we have developed a robotic mitral surgery program with the da Vinci telemanipulation system… CONTINUE READING