Robert Willis and Franz Reuleaux: pioneers in the theory of machines

@article{Moon2003RobertWA,
  title={Robert Willis and Franz Reuleaux: pioneers in the theory of machines},
  author={Francis C. Moon},
  journal={Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London},
  year={2003},
  volume={57},
  pages={209 - 230}
}
  • F. Moon
  • Published 2003
  • Sociology
  • Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London
In this paper, the contributions of two pioneers of kinematics and machine design, Robert Willis FRS (1800–75) of Cambridge University, and Franz Reuleaux (1829–1905) of the Royal Technical University of Berlin, are compared. The process of designing complex machines using mathematical, science–based methods is one of the important achievements of the late industrial age and was advanced by Willis and Reuleaux. These new ‘engineer–scientists’ broke with the workshop tradition of machine… Expand
Mechanism and Machine Science Educational Workshop Based on Schröder-Reuleaux Ancient Models of Politecnico di Torino
Around the world, there are many collections of models of mechanisms and machine components of historical value. Among these, there is an important collection kept at the Politecnico di Torino,Expand
Ferdinand Jakob Redtenbacher (1809–1863)
The rapid development of technology in the twentieth century, especially in the automotive and aircraft industries as well as machine tool and manufacturing engineering, is causally connected to theExpand
History of Dynamics of Machines and Mechanisms from Leonardo to Timoshenko
TLDR
The application of analytical methods in dynamics to machines and mechanisms lagged behind the application of these methods to non-machine areas of science and engineering such as planetary dynamics and structural dynamics. Expand
Robert Hooke's ‘universal joint’ and its application to sundials and the sundial-clock
  • A. Mills
  • Mathematics
  • Notes and Records of the Royal Society
  • 2007
Robert Hooke is commonly thought of as the inventor of ‘Hooke's joint’ or the ‘universal joint’. However, it is shown that this flexible coupling (based on a four-armed cross pivoted betweenExpand
3-D Printing the History of Mechanisms
TLDR
Several preassembled, fully functional historic mechanisms from the Cornell Collection of Reuleaux Kinematic Models are reproduced and made available as part of a new online museum of mechanism, where visitors can read descriptions, view pictures and videos, and interact with simulations of machines, and download and 3D-print their own physical functional replicas. Expand
Networks in the Machine Age: From Leonardo to Clocks to Reuleaux
TLDR
A network analysis is applied to the history of kinematics theory of machine design from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries beginning with Leonardo da Vinci and a network chart is constructed for the evolution of precision marine clocks. Expand
Constructional theory in Britain, 1870s – 1930s
Unlike spoken and written theories, the constructional ‘theories’ explored in this thesis are drawn essentially from ‘practice’. While occasionally drawing upon what architects said and wrote, the Expand
New Trends in Learning Through 3D Modeling of Historical Mechanism’s Model
TLDR
A detailed analysis of so-called “Ferguson’s Paradox” was conducted as well as the biography of James Ferguson was recounted, and the created 3D model demonstrates the Ferguson's Paradox. Expand
The Reuleaux Models: Creating an International Digital Library of Kinematics History
This paper describes a project to document and preserve a collection of 220 Reuleaux kinematic models and to create a virtual museum of models connecting artifacts, mathematics and historicalExpand
Ferdinand Redtenbacher (1809–1863): Pioneer in scientific machine engineering
Abstract This biography highlights the historical importance of Ferdinand Redtenbacher for the evolution of mechanical engineering to technical science in the 19th century. The presentationExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Franz Reuleaux: Contributions to 19th century kinematics and theory of machines
This review surveys late 19 th century kinematics and the theory of machines as seen through the contributions of the German engineering scientist, Franz Reuleaux (1829-1905), often called theExpand
XVIII. On a method of expressing by signs the action of machinery
  • C. Babbage
  • Engineering
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • 1826
In the construction of an engine, on which I have now been for some time occupied, for the purpose of calculating tables and impressing the results on plates of copper, I experienced great delay andExpand
Mechanism and Machine Science: its History and its Identity
TLDR
This paper contains an outline of the pre-twentieth century history of the investigation of the topologic-kinematic aspect of machines and an attempt to define the identity of mechanism and machine science. Expand
Engineering and the Mind's Eye
TLDR
It is argued that a system of engineering education that ignores nonverbal thinking will produce engineers who are dangerously ignorant of the many ways in which the real world differs from the mathematical models constructed in academic minds. Expand
The evolution of technology
Preface 1. Diversity, necessity, and evolution 2. Continuity and discontinuity 3. Novelty: psychological and intellectual factors 4. Novelty: socioeconomic and cultural factors 5. Selection: economicExpand
Elements of Machines.
...
1
2
...