# River Meandering as a Self-Organization Process

@article{Stolum1996RiverMA, title={River Meandering as a Self-Organization Process}, author={H. H. Stolum}, journal={Science}, year={1996}, volume={271}, pages={1710 - 1713} }

Simulations of freely meandering rivers and empirical data show that the meandering process self-organizes the river morphology, or planform, into a critical state characterized by fractal geometry. The meandering process oscillates in space and time between a state in which the river planform is ordered and one in which it is chaotic. Clusters of river cutoffs tend to cause a transition between these two states and to force the system into stationary fluctuations around the critical state.

## 266 Citations

### River meander behaviour and instability: a framework for analysis

- Geology, Psychology
- 2003

Recent empirical and theoretical work on river meanders suggests that instability is inherent. Within this context, an occurrence of multiple cut-offs could be interpreted as a clustering associated…

### Significance of cutoff in meandering river dynamics

- Environmental Science
- 2008

[1] The occurrence of cutoff events, although sporadic, is a key component in the complex dynamics of meandering rivers. In the present work, we show that cutoff has a twofold role: (1) It removes…

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- Environmental Science
- 2010

In the present contribution we focus our attention on the possible signatures of a chaotic behaviour or a self‐organized criticality state triggered in river meandering dynamics by repeated…

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- Environmental Science
- 2005

The geometry of four meandering rivers has been investigated to detect linear and nonlinear links in their planimetry. To this aim, some robust nonlinearity tests—DVS plots, reversibility tests, and…

### Process–form linkages in meander morphodynamics

- Environmental Science
- 2012

Meandering rivers are one of the most dynamic earth-surface systems. They play an important role in terrestrial-sediment fluxes, landscape evolution, and the dynamics of riverine ecosystems.…

### Criticality in the planform behavior of the Ganges River meanders

- Geology
- 2016

The critical point of planform transition from straight to meandering in the wandering Ganges River is identifiable. Recent remote-sensing data indicate that four similar meanders cut off, or…

### On the long‐term behavior of meandering rivers

- Environmental Science
- 2005

In spite of notable advances in the description of river morphodynamics, the long‐term dynamics of meandering rivers is still an open question, in particular, regarding the existence of a possible…

### Are process nonlinearities encoded in meandering river planform morphology?

- Environmental Science
- 2017

Meandering river planform evolution is driven by the interaction of local nonlinear processes and cutoff dynamics. Despite the known nonlinear dynamics governing the evolution of meandering rivers,…

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