# River Meandering as a Self-Organization Process

@article{Stolum1996RiverMA, title={River Meandering as a Self-Organization Process}, author={H. H. Stolum}, journal={Science}, year={1996}, volume={271}, pages={1710 - 1713} }

Simulations of freely meandering rivers and empirical data show that the meandering process self-organizes the river morphology, or planform, into a critical state characterized by fractal geometry. The meandering process oscillates in space and time between a state in which the river planform is ordered and one in which it is chaotic. Clusters of river cutoffs tend to cause a transition between these two states and to force the system into stationary fluctuations around the critical state.

## 268 Citations

### River meander behaviour and instability: a framework for analysis

- Geology, Psychology
- 2003

Recent empirical and theoretical work on river meanders suggests that instability is inherent. Within this context, an occurrence of multiple cut-offs could be interpreted as a clustering associated…

### Entropy and river meander planform

- Environmental Science
- 2002

This study departs from the hypothesis that the often striifing geometric similarity and regularity of meanders is the result of the second law of thermodynamics applied to open dissipative systems.…

### Significance of cutoff in meandering river dynamics

- Environmental Science
- 2008

[1] The occurrence of cutoff events, although sporadic, is a key component in the complex dynamics of meandering rivers. In the present work, we show that cutoff has a twofold role: (1) It removes…

### Long‐term river meandering as a part of chaotic dynamics? A contribution from mathematical modelling

- Environmental Science
- 2010

In the present contribution we focus our attention on the possible signatures of a chaotic behaviour or a self‐organized criticality state triggered in river meandering dynamics by repeated…

### Nonlinear analysis of the geometry of meandering rivers

- Environmental Science
- 2005

The geometry of four meandering rivers has been investigated to detect linear and nonlinear links in their planimetry. To this aim, some robust nonlinearity tests—DVS plots, reversibility tests, and…

### Process–form linkages in meander morphodynamics

- Environmental Science
- 2012

Meandering rivers are one of the most dynamic earth-surface systems. They play an important role in terrestrial-sediment fluxes, landscape evolution, and the dynamics of riverine ecosystems.…

### Criticality in the planform behavior of the Ganges River meanders

- Geology
- 2016

The critical point of planform transition from straight to meandering in the wandering Ganges River is identifiable. Recent remote-sensing data indicate that four similar meanders cut off, or…

### On the long‐term behavior of meandering rivers

- Environmental Science
- 2005

In spite of notable advances in the description of river morphodynamics, the long‐term dynamics of meandering rivers is still an open question, in particular, regarding the existence of a possible…

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