Rival Strategies of Validation

  title={Rival Strategies of Validation},
  author={Jason Seawright and David Collier},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={111 - 138}
The challenge of finding appropriate tools for measurement validation is an abiding concern in political science. This article considers four traditions of validation, using examples from cross-national research on democracy: the levels-of-measurement approach, structural-equation modeling with latent variables, the pragmatic tradition, and the case-based method. Methodologists have sharply disputed the merits of alternative traditions. We encourage scholars—and certainly analysts of democracy… 

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