Ritual Female Genital Surgery Among Ethiopian Jews

  title={Ritual Female Genital Surgery Among Ethiopian Jews},
  author={Nimrod Grisaru and Simcha Lezer and Robert H. Belmaker},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
Ritual female genital surgery is usually associated with Muslim countries although it is normative also among Ethiopian Coptic Christians. Ethiopian Jewish women immigrants to Israel report that ritual female genital surgery was normative in their culture in Ethiopia, but expressed no desire to continue the custom in Israel. This contrasts with Israeli Bedouin Muslims, who were reported to regard ritual female genital surgery as an important part of their identity. Physical examination of 113… 

Successful cultural change: the example of female circumcision among Israeli Bedouins and Israeli Jews from Ethiopia.

  • R. Belmaker
  • Medicine
    The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences
  • 2012
The conclusion of this study was that the severity of the operation performed had no relation to the social and cultural adherence to the operation, since the Ethiopian Jews who practiced a more severe form of theoperation intended to abandon this practice while the Muslim Bedouin who had a much milder form intended to continue it.

Female Genital Mutilation

The number of girls and women who have been subjected to genital mutilation is estimated to be around 132 million worldwide, and 2 million girls per year are considered to be at risk.

Female Genital Mutilation and Risk for Transmission of STIs

The number of girls and women who have been subjected to FGM is estimated at around 137 million worldwide and 3 million girls per year are considered at risk.

Female genital mutilation in the West: traditional circumcision versus genital cosmetic surgery

The Scandinavian legislation on female genital mutilation is presented and the implications of the laws are explored, contrasting trends of plastic genital surgery in the West with claims that female circumcision may be a practice generally abandoned in Scandinavia.

Female genital mutilation

  • D. Isaacs
  • Medicine
    Journal of paediatrics and child health
  • 2016
It is argued that procedures with no lasting effect on structure or function, that is vulvar nick and procedures which alter structure but probably not sexual function or reproduction, for example, surgical retraction of the clitoral hood or labioplasty are ethically distinct and permitting Categories 1 and 2 procedures while banning more invasive procedures could be a culturally sensitive compromise solution.

“Never My Daughters”: A Qualitative Study Regarding Attitude Change Toward Female Genital Cutting Among Ethiopian and Eritrean Families in Sweden

It is concluded that children of Ethiopian or Eritrean parents resident in Sweden run little risk of being subjected to FGC and a societal structure prepared to deal with suspected cases of FGC with a high level of alertness should be combined with a healthy sceptical attitude toward exaggerations of risk estimates.

Genital cutting, male

This entry discusses other alterations to the penis, including dorsal or ventral slitting, as practiced in the Philippines and some Pacific cultures, and finally mentions some other cultures that enhance the foreskin by elongation or other means.

Opinions of university students about female genital mutilation in Sudan.

This study shows that even educated individuals demand FGM/C in spite of knowing the harm, and it is suggested continuing educational studies on this subject.

Stop female genital mutilation: appeal to the international dermatologic community

This video explains the surgical excision of the prepuce and the stitching and narrowing of the vaginal orifice in the procedure known as infibulation.



Ritual female genital surgery among bedouin in Israel

Bedouin in southern Israel may offer a model of evolution of female circumcision into a nonmutilative ritual incision.

The sexual experience and marital adjustment of genitally circumcised and infibulated females in the Sudan.

The findings of this study indicate that sexual desire, pleasure, and orgasm are experienced by the majority of women who have been subjected to this extreme sexual mutilation, in spite of their also being culturally bound to hide these experiences.

Female Circumcision in Somalia and Women's Motives

Two hundred and ninety Somalian women have participated in a study and the majority of these women justified the practice of female circumcision with religious reasons and all were willing to circumcise their daughters.

Female “circumcision” African women confront American medicine

The practice, cultural significance and medical complications of female circumcision are reviewed, and sensitive clinical guidelines, illustrated by case examples, for caring for currently circumcised women are offered.

Attitudes of Sudanese People to the Practice of Female Circumcision

The results showed that the community is still in favour of the continuation of the practice of circumcision, and those who were against circumcision tended to be better educated and/or younger, suggesting that younger generations are initiating a change of attitude in the community.

Medical work among the Falashas of Ethiopia.

  • D. Harel
  • Medicine
    Israel journal of medical sciences
  • 1967
As a result of religious restrictions and self-imposed isolation, syphilis and gonorrhea are absent among the Falashas and protein-calorie deficiency is widespread and nutritional anemias are rare.

Traditional Child Health Practices in Communities in North-West Ethiopia

High rates of uvulectomy and milk teeth extraction, and low rates of eyelid incision and female circumcision are shown in northwest Ethiopia.