Risks for tuberculosis in Kazakhstan: implications for prevention.


SETTING Four regions in Kazakhstan where participants were recruited from June 2012 to May 2014. OBJECTIVE To examine associations between incarceration history and tobacco, alcohol, and drug consumption, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and diabetes mellitus (DM) with TB. DESIGN This matched case-control study included 1600 participants… (More)
DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0838


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