Risks and benefits of soil amendment with composts in relation to plant pathogens

@article{Noble2010RisksAB,
  title={Risks and benefits of soil amendment with composts in relation to plant pathogens},
  author={R. Noble},
  journal={Australasian Plant Pathology},
  year={2010},
  volume={40},
  pages={157-167}
}
  • R. Noble
  • Published 4 January 2011
  • Biology
  • Australasian Plant Pathology
The supply of composts has increased in many countries due to the enforced diversion from landfill of organic biodegradable wastes. Disposal is often the primary financial and environmental incentive for composting this organic waste, with benefits from low value end-products such as organic soil amendments being a secondary or negligible consideration. The use of composts can also pose risks from populations of plant and animal pathogens which may have survived the composting process. However… 
Review on compost as an inducer of disease suppression in plants grown in soilless culture.
The soil/substrate that supports plant roots and provides water and nutrients to plants is often considered a hostile environment that harbours plant pathogens. Moreover, the most common strategy
Composting process management and compost benefits for soil fertility and plants
Composts are recycled fertilizers with potential. They can influence the soil quality at different levels: supply of nutrients, enhancement of humus content in soil, improvement of soil structure and
EFFECTS OF COMPOST AND LIME APPLICATION ON SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES , SOIL MICROBIAL COMMUNITY , AND FUSARIUM WILT IN FLORIDA-GROWN
Soils used for vegetable production in Florida are sandy, have low organic matter content and fertility, and can support the growth of soil-borne pathogens. Some growers choose to apply compost as an
Organic Amendments and Soil Suppressiveness: Results with Vegetable and Ornamental Crops
Organic amendments are an important tool for the management of diseases of vegetable and ornamental crops. They include manure, crop and food residues, compost and organic fertilisers. Their use can
Organic Soil Amendments: Potential Tool for Soil and Plant Health Management
Utilization of organic matter as a chief substrate for agricultural crops and beneficial microorganisms is gaining interest of plant pathologists, agronomists, manufacturing and processing
Suppression of soil-borne pathogens in container media amended with on-farm composted agro-bioenergy wastes and residues under glasshouse condition
TLDR
Assessment of the potential suppression of three on-farm green composts for controlling seven soil-borne pathogens in container media under greenhouse condition found that Pythium damping-off and Phytophthora root rot was related to the sum of the bioactivities of the fungi and bacteria of compost.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES
Future Of Compost As An Alternative To ChemicalCompounds In Ecological Agriculture
Composting is a traditional method of waste treatment that means a stabilization of organic matter to be applied to soil. Compost is used in soils as organic amendments but it is necessary to find
Use of composts to manage corky root disease in organic tomato production
TLDR
Evaluating the effects of various composts consisting of green manure, garden waste and horse manure against corky root disease through bioassay under greenhouse conditions found that increased microbial activity or microbial population in soil–compost mixtures was not associated with a reduction in corkY root disease severity in the present study.
Compost Amendments Decrease Verticillium dahliae Infection on Potato
Indigenous soil microorganisms contribute to disease suppression in cropping systems by reducing and competing with pathogen populations, thereby limiting disease severity. Various communities of
Suppression of Strawberry Root Disease with Animal Manure Composts
TLDR
Overall effects of the two manure compost amendments on BRR were inconclusive because no treatments, including the soil only, exhibited roots with extensive disease symptoms, despite cultural evidence of BRR pathogen colonization, especially by Rhizoctonia fragariae, during the course of this pot study.
Microbial Analysis and Test of Plant Pathogen Antagonism of Municipal and Farm Composts
TLDR
The role of the microorganisms colonizing these composts was investigated in vitro for their ability to suppress Verticillium longisporum, Rhizoctonia solani, Pythium ultimum and Aphanomyces euteiches, and the results confirmed that bacteria were found as the dominating group compared with the fungi.
Management of plant health risks associated with processing of plant-based wastes: a review.
Compost Curing Reduces Suppression of Plant Diseases
TLDR
It is demonstrated that similar effects of prolonged curing of compost reduces risks of phytotoxicity but may also have an undesirable effect on suppressiveness against soil-borne diseases by additional types of composts and pathosystems.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...