Radionecrosis induced by stereotactic radiosurgery of brain metastases: results of surgery and outcome of disease
PURPOSE To investigate the factors that potentially lead to brain radionecrosis after hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy targeting the postoperative resection cavity of brain metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS A retrospective analysis conducted in two French centres, was performed in patients treated with trifractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (3×7.7Gy prescribed to the 70% isodose line) for resected brain metastases. Patients with previous whole-brain irradiation were excluded of the analysis. Radionecrosis was diagnosed according to a combination of criteria including clinical, serial imaging or, in some cases, histology. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the predictive factors of radionecrosis including clinical and dosimetric variables such as volume of brain receiving a specific dose (V8Gy-V22Gy). RESULTS One hundred eighty-one patients, with a total of 189 cavities were treated between March 2008 and February 2015. Thirty-five patients (18.5%) developed radionecrosis after a median follow-up of 15 months (range: 3-38 months) after hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. One third of patients with radionecrosis were symptomatic. Multivariate analysis showed that infra-tentorial location was predictive of radionecrosis (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.97; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.47-6.01; P=0.0025). None V8Gy-V22Gy was associated with appearance of radionecrosis, even if V14Gy trended toward significance (P=0.059). CONCLUSION Analysis of patients and treatment variables revealed that infratentorial location of brain metastases was predictive for radionecrosis after hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for postoperative resection cavities.