Risk factors of pediatric tinnitus: Systematic review and meta‐analysis

@article{Lee2018RiskFO,
  title={Risk factors of pediatric tinnitus: Systematic review and meta‐analysis},
  author={Doh Young Lee and Young Ho Kim},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
  year={2018},
  volume={128}
}
Medications for pediatric tinnitus are not widely used due to a lack of evidence‐based information. The modification of risk factors is essential in pediatric tinnitus; however, there is a lack of systematic reviews despite several reports on risk factors. This study performed a systematic review and meta‐analysis of available literature to evaluate risk factors of pediatric tinnitus. 
Prevalence, associated factors, and comorbidities of tinnitus in adolescents
TLDR
Protection of the ears from noise and appropriate counseling should be considered for adolescents with tinnitus, which was associated with age, female gender, history of ear infection and sinusitis, leisure noise exposure due to karaoke and local-area-network gaming, alcohol consumption, and cigarette smoking.
Tinnitus in Adolescents – Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors
Objective: To identify factors influencing the onset and the development of tinnitus among adolescents. Patients and methods: 1260 high school students in Gothenburg participated in a health
Effects of Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Noise Exposure on Tinnitus Occurrence in College Students and Adolescents.
TLDR
The relationship between tinnitus occurrence and a combined exposure to noise and secondhand smoke revealed a unique effect in adolescents and young adults.
Auditory brainstem response test results in normal hearing adolescents with subjective tinnitus.
TLDR
The probable site of origin of tinnitus in adolescents with normal hearing might be in the upper brainstem of the auditory pathway, and further analysis of ABR test results in teenagers with tinn Titus and normal hearing can help clarify the pathophysiology of t Finnitus.
Effects of Non-traumatic Noise and Conductive Hearing Loss on Auditory System Function
TLDR
How abnormal acoustic experience at early ages affects the ascending and descending auditory pathways, as well as hearing behavior is reviewed.
Salicylate increased ascorbic acid levels and neuronal activity in the rat auditory cortex
Clinical observations have implied a central origin for tinnitus and potential therapeutic effects of ascorbic acid (AA); however, the detailed mechanisms remain undetermined.
Hearing impairment and diverse health outcomes
Globally, it is estimated that approximately 1.3 billion people live with some form of hearing impairment. Major causes of hearing loss include infection/disease, age-related factors, and

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