Risk factors for urinary incontinence among middle-aged women.


OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for urinary incontinence in middle-aged women. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 83,355 Nurses' Health Study II participants. Since 1989, women have provided health information on mailed questionnaires; in 2001, at the ages 37 to 54 years, information on urinary… (More)


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