Risk factors for pulmonary arterial hypertension.

  title={Risk factors for pulmonary arterial hypertension.},
  author={Marc Humbert and H. V. N. Nunes and Olivier Sitbon and Florence Parent and Philippe J. L. Herve and G{\'e}rald Simonneau},
  journal={Clinics in chest medicine},
  volume={22 3},
The present limitations in knowledge of the potential risk factors for PPH undoubtedly are attributable to the facts that PPH is a rare disease with an unknown pathogenesis and lacking large case series. Moreover, definite epidemiologic data are rare and ideally should be obtained from epidemiologic surveys such as large case-control studies. The increased incidence of the disease in young women, the familial cases, the association with autoimmune disorders, and the recent discovery that… CONTINUE READING


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