Risk factors for postpartum depression in Japan

  title={Risk factors for postpartum depression in Japan},
  author={Ryoji Tamaki and Mariko Murata and Tadaharu Okano},
  journal={Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences},
Abstract We conducted a longitudinal study to identify risk factors for postpartum depression. At the late phase of pregnancy, 627 pregnant women agreed to take the State‐Trait Anxiety Inventory Trait (STAIT) test and to remain in the study until 4 months postpartum. At 1, 3 and 4 months postpartum, they took the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) test and the State‐Trait Anxiety Inventory State (STAIS) test. At 3 months postpartum, they were asked about socio‐psychological and… 

Postpartum depression: identification of women at risk

  • L. HoT. Lao
  • Psychology, Medicine
    BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
  • 2001
One out of three women who suffers from psychological distress in late pregnancy with perceived social isolation will develop postpartum depression, according to these results.

Prevalence and risk factors for postpartum depressive symptoms in Argentina: a cross-sectional study

The results indicate that postpartum depression may be prevalent in Argentina, and may be associated with incomplete breast-feeding, cesarean section, perinatal complications and multiparity.

Obstetric risk factors for depression during the postpartum period in South Korea: a nationwide study.

Risk factors for depressive symptoms in early postpartum period and after puerperium - are they the same?

The risk factors for depressive symptoms after delivery vary in different time intervals, therefore screening for PD should not be performed once in a single selected risk group.

Antenatal screening timeline and cutoff scores of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale for predicting postpartum depressive symptoms in healthy women: a prospective cohort study

The study suggests that the EPDS score at the second trimester with the cutoff value of 4/5 may be adequate for initial screening for prediction of postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS) and requires more elaborate follow-up.

Factors predicting Postnatal Depression immediately after delivery and at 6 weeks : a study from a teaching hospital in southern India

Low birth weight of the baby, low APGAR scores at birth and unemployed status predicted depressive symptoms at baseline, which were the strongest predictor of persistence of significant depressive symptoms in the immediate postpartum period at six week follow-up.

Screening for Postpartum Depression and Associated Factors among Women who Deliver at a University Hospital, Nepal.

Postpartum depression is common among Nepalese women and can be detected early in the postpartum periods; and many psychosocial factors like pregnancy complications, infant's health problems and vaginal delivery are associated with it.


It is shown that it is important to provide support for healthy women without delivery complications, both at home and in the community, as using the Maternity Blues Scale (MBS) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale (EPDS) among healthy Japanese mothers shows.

Prevalence of postpartum depression in a Moroccan sample

Postnatal visits were effective in the identification of Moroccan depressed mothers and depressive disorder was significantly associated with pregnancy complications, stressful life events during pregnancy, baby's health problems, and poor marital relationship.



Prospective investigation of postpartum depression: factors involved in onset and recovery.

Onset of depression in the postpartum was predicted by the levels during pregnancy of depressive symptomatology and perceived maternal and paternal care during childhood and recovery from depression during pregnancy was not predicted by a number of psychosocial variables examined.

Controlled prospective study of postpartum mood disorders: psychological, environmental, and hormonal variables.

The significant V x LS interactions support the vulnerability-stress model of postpartum depression.

A Controlled Study of the Onset, Duration and Prevalence of Postnatal Depression

No significant difference in the point prevalence of depression at six months was found between the postnatal and control women, nor in the six-month period prevalence, but a threefold higher rate of onset of depression was found within five weeks of childbirth.

Social support, life events, and depression during pregnancy and the puerperium.

  • M. O’Hara
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1986
Women experiencing postpartum depression reported more stressful life events and less support from their spouses after delivery than the women not experiencing post partum depression.

Demographic and Obstetric Risk Factors for Postnatal Psychiatric Morbidity

Although a direct aetiological role for these risk factors is not certain, they may indicate strategies for the prevention of affective morbidity in postnatal women, which may include reducing unwanted pregnancy and employment for women after childbirth.

Life Events and Social Support in Puerperal Depression

The findings indicate the importance of social stress in puerperal depression, and postpartum blues were only associated with depression in the absence of life events, suggesting a small hormonal sub-group.

A Prospective Study of Emotional Disorders in Childbearing Women

Bereavement and preterm birth were the only life events to relate with the onset of depression and bereavement had a greater impact during pregnancy, and depressed mothers were more likely to express negative or mixed feelings about their three-month-old babies.

Prospective Study of the Psychiatric Disorders of Childbirth

A representative sample of 105 women were assessed by Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview (SPI) on two occasions during pregnancy and twice more in the puerperium after childbirth, finding women with severe postnatal blues were particularly at risk of developing persistent depressive symptoms subsequently.

Detection of Postnatal Depression

The development of a 10-item self-report scale (EPDS) to screen for Postnatal Depression in the community was found to have satisfactory sensitivity and specficity, and was also sensitive to change in the severity of depression over time.