Risk factors for cranial ischemic complications in giant cell arteritis.

  title={Risk factors for cranial ischemic complications in giant cell arteritis.},
  author={Gideon Nesher and Yaakov Berkun and Michal Mates and Mario Baras and Ronit Nesher and Alan Rubinow and Moshe Sonnenblick},
  volume={83 2},
Cranial ischemic complications (CICs) are among the presenting manifestations of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Yet patients with GCA may develop CICs at a later stage, despite steroid therapy. In the current report we delineate risk factors for CICs, both at presentation and during follow-up, and review the relevant literature. We reviewed charts of 175 patients with GCA. Follow-up data were available for 166 patients. CICs at presentation or developing within 2 weeks of GCA diagnosis were… CONTINUE READING

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