Risk factors for anabolic-androgenic steroid use in men.

@article{Brower1994RiskFF,
  title={Risk factors for anabolic-androgenic steroid use in men.},
  author={Kirk J. Brower and Frederic C Blow and Elizabeth M. Hill},
  journal={Journal of psychiatric research},
  year={1994},
  volume={28 4},
  pages={
          369-80
        }
}

Risk factors for anabolic-androgenic steroid use among weightlifters: a case-control study.

Adolescent use of anabolic-androgenic steroids and relations to self-reports of social, personality and health aspects.

TLDR
The characteristics of AAS users extend beyond activities such as strength training and multiple drug use to include social, personality and health aspects.

Activational Effects of Exogenous Steroid Hormones on Cognitive Performance: A Study of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids in Men

TLDR
Examination of the effects of non-medical steroid use on sex-related cognitive abilities in male bodybuilders examined four psychological domains: aggression, personality, body image, and eating-disordered attitudes/behaviours.

Current Concepts in Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

  • N. Evans
  • Medicine, Biology
    The American journal of sports medicine
  • 2004
TLDR
Clinical studies have discovered novel therapeutic uses for physiologic doses of AAS, without any significant adverse effects in the short term, and guidelines for the clinical evaluation of Aas users will be presented for sports medicine practitioners.

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

TLDR
The level of evidence for treating anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence is currently based on case reports and series as well as expert opinion, and knowledge of the psychiatric, physical, and laboratory findings aids detection.

Body image and attitudes toward male roles in anabolic-androgenic steroid users.

TLDR
Both body-image pathology and narrow stereotypic views of masculinity appear to be prominent among men with long-term AAS use and if these factors are indeed causal, then AAS users might respond to cognitive behavior approaches that simultaneously take aim at both types of maladaptive beliefs.

Treatment of anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence: Emerging evidence and its implications.

An Evaluation of Anabolic–Androgenic Steroid Abusers Over a Period of 1 Year: Seven Case Studies

TLDR
Cycles of AAS nonuse were associated with a greater percentage of subject-reported increased testicular size, appetite, frequency of sexual activity, and libido, and the results provide the first long-term, prospective evaluation of the effects of Aass, when these drugs are administered in a naturalistic pattern of abuse.

Men´s experiences of using anabolic androgenic steroids

TLDR
It requires both broad and deep knowledge and understanding to be able to meet men using AAS in their problems and vulnerability; a meeting that is hampered by their low trust in healthcare, and by the fact that AAS are illegal.

Recruitment to doping and help-seeking behavior of eight female AAS users

TLDR
The use of doping agents in eight women was different from that in male users, and the women used less doping agents and were more prone to contact the health care, at an earlier stage, probably due to the adverse effects.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES

Symptoms and correlates of anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence.

TLDR
The data support the notion that AASs are addicting, and suggest that dissatisfaction with body size may lead to dependent patterns of use.

Use of multiple drugs among adolescents who use anabolic steroids.

TLDR
In this study, adolescent users of anabolic steroids were likely to use other drugs as well, and many were sharing needles.

Estimated prevalence of anabolic steroid use among male high school seniors.

TLDR
The evidence indicates that educational intervention strategies should begin as early as junior high school; the intervention should not be directed only toward those individuals who participate in school-based athletics.

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use Among 1,010 College Men.

TLDR
Steroid users were not distinguishable from nonusers based on academic achievement or the use of other illicit drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol, but four used steroids primarily to improve personal appearance.

Adolescent body image and attitudes to anabolic steroid use.

TLDR
Anabolic steroid use was strongly motivated by social influences, some knowledge of beneficial effects, and denial of adverse effects in white adolescent males in the study population.

Anabolic Steroids: Addictive, Psychiatric, and Medical Consequences

TLDR
Most health consequences resulting from ASS appear to be reversible after cessation of use, but life-threatening events have been reported, and neither safety nor catastrophe can be predicted for the chronic abuse of high-dose ASs.

Neuropsychiatric effects of anabolic steroids in male normal volunteers.

TLDR
This is the first placebo-controlled prospective study demonstrating the adverse and activating mood and behavioral effects of anabolic steroids.

Anabolic-androgenic steroid use in the United States.

OBJECTIVE To estimate the size of the anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) user population in the United States, to examine characteristics of AAS users, and to explore the association between AAS use

Anabolic steroid education and adolescents: do scare tactics work?

TLDR
A teaching model that only emphasizes the untoward consequences of anabolic steroids is ineffective, even in the short-term, and a balanced education approach can improve understanding of the potential adverse effects of these drugs.

High school athletes and the use of ergogenic aid.

TLDR
The majority of high school athletes believed that supplemental protein or vitamins could improve performance and that their use caused little or no health risk, and the data suggest that young athletes may require information regarding the limited benefits and potential risks associated with the use of ergogenic aids.