Risk factors and demographics in patients with spasmodic dysphonia.

@article{Schweinfurth2002RiskFA,
  title={Risk factors and demographics in patients with spasmodic dysphonia.},
  author={John Mark Schweinfurth and Mark J Billante and Mark S Courey},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
  year={2002},
  volume={112 2},
  pages={220-3}
}
OBJECTIVES Spasmodic dysphonia has been characterized as a functional, psychogenic, or movement disorder with no known etiology or cure. In the present study, risk factors associated with other movement disorders were evaluated in patients with spasmodic dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective patient survey of 168 patients with a known diagnosis of spasmodic dysphonia who completed questionnaires at the time of interval botulinum toxin injection. METHODS Patients completed questionnaires on… CONTINUE READING
30 Citations
0 References
Similar Papers

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 30 extracted citations

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…