Risk factors and basic mechanisms of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: a current understanding.


All available evidence today indicates that chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is primarily caused by venous thromboembolism, as opposed to primary pulmonary vascular in situ thrombosis. Both the initial magnitude of clot and pulmonary embolism (PE) recurrence may contribute to the development of CTEPH. Only few specific thrombophilic… (More)
DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00049312


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