Risk and Failure in Tax Farming: De Bruijn & Cloots of Lisbon and the Portuguese Tobacco Monopoly, 1722–1727

  title={Risk and Failure in Tax Farming: De Bruijn \& Cloots of Lisbon and the Portuguese Tobacco Monopoly, 1722–1727},
  author={Susana M{\"u}nch Miranda},
  pages={122 - 145}
Abstract By examining how a Dutch firm in Lisbon operated two Portuguese tobacco tax farms from 1722 to 1727 and failed subsequently, this article brings together, on the one hand, research on the relationship between state and business groups through a monopolistic rent provided by the empire and, on the other hand, a growing literature discussing institutional and economic variables, as well as human agency, in business failure in early modern Europe. The article aims to achieve two goals… Expand


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