Risk Factors for Adverse Life Outcomes in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects

@article{Streissguth2004RiskFF,
  title={Risk Factors for Adverse Life Outcomes in Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects},
  author={Ann Streissguth and Fred L. Bookstein and Helen M. Barr and Paul D. Sampson and Kieran D. O’Malley and J K Young},
  journal={Journal of Developmental \& Behavioral Pediatrics},
  year={2004},
  volume={25},
  pages={228-238}
}
ABSTRACT. Clinical descriptions of patients with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) suggest major problems with adaptive behavior. Five operationally defined adverse outcomes and 18 associated risk/protective factors were examined using a Life History Interview with knowledgeable informants of 415 patients with FAS or FAE (median age 14 years, range 6-51; median IQ 86, range 29-126). Eighty percent of these patients were not raised by their biological mothers. For… Expand
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