Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey

  title={Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey},
  author={Berk Esen and Sebnem Gumuscu},
  journal={Third World Quarterly},
  pages={1581 - 1606}
Abstract Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002 Turkey has undergone double regime transitions. First, tutelary democracy ended; second, a competitive authoritarian regime has risen in its stead. We substantiate this assertion with specific and detailed evidence from 2015 election cycles, as well as from broader trends in Turkish politics. This evidence indeed confirms that elections are no longer fair; civil liberties are being systematically violated; and the… 

Killing Competitive Authoritarianism Softly: The 2019 Local Elections in Turkey

ABSTRACT On 31 March 2019 Turkish voters ended the Islamist local governance in the country’s largest cities after 25 years and handed the ruling AKP its most serious electoral defeat since its rise

Competition in a Populist Authoritarian Regime: The June 2018 Dual Elections in Turkey

  • Yunus Sözen
  • Political Science, Sociology
    South European Society and Politics
  • 2019
ABSTRACT This article examines the June 2018 presidential and parliamentary elections in Turkey. I maintain that Turkey’s populist authoritarian regime context simultaneously hyperpoliticised and

Back to Competitive Authoritarianism? Democratic Backsliding in Vučić’s Serbia

Abstract Despite growing concerns expressed by international organisations about the deterioration of democracy in Vučić’s Serbia, the country has been neglected by the literature on the ‘crisis of

Why did Turkish democracy collapse? A political economy account of AKP’s authoritarianism

After decades of multiparty politics, Turkey is no longer a democracy. A theory-upending case, the country has descended into a competitive authoritarian regime under the Justice and Development

Populism and competitive authoritarianism in Turkey

ABSTRACT The main goal of this paper is to explain the rise of competitive authoritarianism in Erdoğan’s Turkey. The recent literature has mainly focused on the taxonomical debate about the type of

Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism in Bangladesh

Abstract We examine the changing nature of an authoritarian regime, which is emerging from the social and political conditions shaped by the unconsolidated democracy in Bangladesh. Drawing on

Social coexistence and violence during Turkey’s authoritarian transition

ABSTRACT The recent authoritarian turn and democratic backsliding around the world have raised concerns over increased instability and violent conflicts. Turkey is a striking example of this

Democratic Transition in Turkey

The roots of Turkey’s constitutional history are found in the late years of the Ottoman Empire and the 1876 Ottoman Constitution. The first republican constitution in 1924 set a preference for a

After competitive authoritarianism hybrid regime legacies and the quality of democracy in Croatia

ABSTRACT The impact of ‘authoritarian legacies’ on successor democracies has been widely researched with reference to every type of non-democratic regime. However, scant attention has been devoted to

The role of populist strategies in differing outcomes of corruption scandals in Brazil and Turkey

ABSTRACT The Workers’ Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores – PT) in Brazil and the Justice and Development Party (Kalkınma ve Adalet Partisi – AKP) in Turkey came to power in 2002 with promises of



Monopolizing the Center : The AKP and the Uncertain Path of Turkish Democracy

The Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi-the AKP) has been in power over a period of twelve years, having won three successive general elections and most likely to win a fourth

Turkey’s Judiciary and the Drift Toward Competitive Authoritarianism

Turkey has always been considered an “illiberal democracy”, or in Freedom House’s terms, a “partly-free” country. In recent years, however, there has been a downward trend toward “competitive

The Emerging Predominant Party System in Turkey

In the Turkish national elections of 12 June 2011 the ruling Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (AKP, Justice and Development Party) registered an exceptional success in Turkish democracy. For the first

Turkey Under the AKP: The Era of Dominant-Party Politics

Abstract: The paper analyzes the main factors leading to the Justice and Development Party’s 2011 electoral victory and proposes that the party’s ability to engage with the Turkish public and its

Neo-Nazism in an Established Democracy: The Persistence of Golden Dawn in Greece

The literature predicts that extremist right-wing parties like the Greek Golden Dawn (GD) are doomed to stay in the margins of electoral competition, scaring away voters with their authoritarian

Sharing Power: Turkey's Democratization Challenge in the Age of the AKP Hegemony

After a major wave of democratization over the last decade, the stalemate in Turkey’s reform process and the rising concerns about ‘creeping authoritarianism’ under the ruling AKP government

Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War

Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that

Reproducing the Paradigm of Democracy in Turkey: Parochial Democratization in the Decade of Justice and Development Party

Abstract Recent democratic performance of the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi) indicates the dissolution of its original liberal ambiguity in ways that hinder the

Revisiting Second Image Reversed: Lessons from Turkey and Thailand

This article draws attention to some surprising similarities between the recent political trajectories of Turkey and Thailand in order to argue that international norms strongly shape domestic

Hegemonizing Conservative Democracy and the Problems of Democratization in Turkey: Conservatism Without Democrats?

This article examines the intellectual efforts in Turkey aiming at hegemonizing conservative democracy by diversifying and deepening its equivocal content vis-à-vis challenging alternatives. While