Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey

  title={Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey},
  author={Berk Esen and Sebnem Gumuscu},
  journal={Third World Quarterly},
  pages={1581 - 1606}
Abstract Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002 Turkey has undergone double regime transitions. First, tutelary democracy ended; second, a competitive authoritarian regime has risen in its stead. We substantiate this assertion with specific and detailed evidence from 2015 election cycles, as well as from broader trends in Turkish politics. This evidence indeed confirms that elections are no longer fair; civil liberties are being systematically violated; and the… Expand
Killing Competitive Authoritarianism Softly: The 2019 Local Elections in Turkey
ABSTRACT On 31 March 2019 Turkish voters ended the Islamist local governance in the country’s largest cities after 25 years and handed the ruling AKP its most serious electoral defeat since its riseExpand
Toward a new political regime in Turkey: From competitive toward full authoritarianism
Abstract This article argues that Turkey’s contemporary political regime is competitive authoritarianism. Tracing the evolution of Turkey’s political system from tutelary democracy to its currentExpand
Competition in a Populist Authoritarian Regime: The June 2018 Dual Elections in Turkey
ABSTRACT This article examines the June 2018 presidential and parliamentary elections in Turkey. I maintain that Turkey’s populist authoritarian regime context simultaneously hyperpoliticised andExpand
Authoritarian Neoliberalism and Regime Security in Turkey: Moving to an ‘Exceptional State’ under AKP
Abstract Recent transformations in the politics of security in Turkey have been linked by many scholars to a global trend defined by a rapidly developing neoliberal security state form. The 15 JulyExpand
Back to Competitive Authoritarianism? Democratic Backsliding in Vučić’s Serbia
Abstract Despite growing concerns expressed by international organisations about the deterioration of democracy in Vučić’s Serbia, the country has been neglected by the literature on the ‘crisis ofExpand
The study of presidentialization in hybrid regimes is a relatively unexplored field in comparative politics. In this regard, Turkey may be an interesting case for study due to the significant processExpand
Populism and competitive authoritarianism in Turkey
ABSTRACT The main goal of this paper is to explain the rise of competitive authoritarianism in Erdoğan’s Turkey. The recent literature has mainly focused on the taxonomical debate about the type ofExpand
Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism in Bangladesh
Abstract We examine the changing nature of an authoritarian regime, which is emerging from the social and political conditions shaped by the unconsolidated democracy in Bangladesh. Drawing onExpand
Social coexistence and violence during Turkey’s authoritarian transition
ABSTRACT The recent authoritarian turn and democratic backsliding around the world have raised concerns over increased instability and violent conflicts. Turkey is a striking example of thisExpand
Democratic Transition in Turkey
The roots of Turkey’s constitutional history are found in the late years of the Ottoman Empire and the 1876 Ottoman Constitution. The first republican constitution in 1924 set a preference for aExpand


Monopolizing the Center : The AKP and the Uncertain Path of Turkish Democracy
The Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi-the AKP) has been in power over a period of twelve years, having won three successive general elections and most likely to win a fourthExpand
Turkey’s Judiciary and the Drift Toward Competitive Authoritarianism
Turkey has always been considered an “illiberal democracy”, or in Freedom House’s terms, a “partly-free” country. In recent years, however, there has been a downward trend toward “competitiveExpand
Turkey Under the AKP: The Era of Dominant-Party Politics
Abstract: The paper analyzes the main factors leading to the Justice and Development Party’s 2011 electoral victory and proposes that the party’s ability to engage with the Turkish public and itsExpand
AKP at the Crossroads: Erdoğan's Majoritarian Drift
The cleavage between the secular centre and the religious-conservative periphery has been the most important dividing line in modern Turkish politics. In the past, centre-right parties haveExpand
Neo-Nazism in an Established Democracy: The Persistence of Golden Dawn in Greece
The literature predicts that extremist right-wing parties like the Greek Golden Dawn (GD) are doomed to stay in the margins of electoral competition, scaring away voters with their authoritarianExpand
Sharing Power: Turkey's Democratization Challenge in the Age of the AKP Hegemony
After a major wave of democratization over the last decade, the stalemate in Turkey’s reform process and the rising concerns about ‘creeping authoritarianism’ under the ruling AKP governmentExpand
Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War
Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds thatExpand
Reproducing the Paradigm of Democracy in Turkey: Parochial Democratization in the Decade of Justice and Development Party
Abstract Recent democratic performance of the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi) indicates the dissolution of its original liberal ambiguity in ways that hinder theExpand
Revisiting Second Image Reversed: Lessons from Turkey and Thailand
This article draws attention to some surprising similarities between the recent political trajectories of Turkey and Thailand in order to argue that international norms strongly shape domesticExpand
Hegemonizing Conservative Democracy and the Problems of Democratization in Turkey: Conservatism Without Democrats?
This article examines the intellectual efforts in Turkey aiming at hegemonizing conservative democracy by diversifying and deepening its equivocal content vis-à-vis challenging alternatives. WhileExpand