Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey

@article{Esen2016RisingCA,
  title={Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey},
  author={Berk Esen and Sebnem Gumuscu},
  journal={Third World Quarterly},
  year={2016},
  volume={37},
  pages={1581 - 1606}
}
Abstract Since the Justice and Development Party (AKP) came to power in 2002 Turkey has undergone double regime transitions. First, tutelary democracy ended; second, a competitive authoritarian regime has risen in its stead. We substantiate this assertion with specific and detailed evidence from 2015 election cycles, as well as from broader trends in Turkish politics. This evidence indeed confirms that elections are no longer fair; civil liberties are being systematically violated; and the… 

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