Rise and Fall of Axum, Ethiopia: A Geo-Archaeological Interpretation

@article{Butzer1981RiseAF,
  title={Rise and Fall of Axum, Ethiopia: A Geo-Archaeological Interpretation},
  author={Karl Wilhelm Butzer},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  year={1981},
  volume={46},
  pages={471 - 495}
}
  • K. Butzer
  • Published 1 July 1981
  • Environmental Science
  • American Antiquity
Civilizations represent human ecosystems amenable to systematic geo-archaeological analysis. The civilization of Axum, spanning the first millennium A.D., had its settlement core on the now-denuded, subhumid plateau of northern Ethiopia. Axum, a new city, began A.D. 100 as a ceremonial center, growing to over 10,000 people, as a prosperous emporium for international trade. Intensified land use led to mass movements in slope soils before A.D. 300, but a range of clayey stream deposits also… 

Geomorphology of the Archaeological Area of Aksum

Aksum is one of the most important archaeological and historical towns in Ethiopia. The archaeological area stretches on a plateau ranging from 2,250 to 2,460 m, and the general landscape consists of

Soil erosion and valley fills in the Yemen highlands and southern Turkey: Integrating settlement, geoarchaeology, and climate change

Geoarchaeological studies of valley‐fill sequences frequently do not employ the full range of human activities to explain the causes of deposition. This paper shows how records of environmental

Buried soils in the context of geoarchaeological research—two examples from Germany and Ethiopia

  • D. PietschP. Kühn
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  • 2014
Pedology is a discipline with a wide range of applications in geology, geomorphology, archaeology, geoarchaeology and geography. Especially paleopedology aims are to answer questions about climatic

Forest clearance and regrowth in northern Ethiopia during the last 3000 years

Pollen and charcoal analysis of sediment cores from two lakes in the highlands of northern Ethiopia provide evidence that the vegetation has changed in response to human impact during the last 3000

Soil erosion history and past human land use in the North Pare Mountains: a geoarchaeological study of slope deposits in northeastern Tanzania

Landscapes are the legacy of past environmental processes. The understanding of current environmental problems such as land degradation is strongly enhanced when trajectories of pastlandscape

Water, Geography, and Aksumite Civilization: The Southern Red Sea Archaeological Histories (SRSAH) Project Survey (2009–2016)

For at least four decades, archaeologists have identified irrigation as playing a potentially major role in the rise of Aksumite civilization. Based on a systematic survey covering the area between

Landscapes of State Formation: Geospatial Analysis of Aksumite Settlement Patterns (Ethiopia)

Landscape-scale dynamics of the Kingdom of Aksum and its territories are exceptionally well-suited to help refine understanding of ancient complex polities in Africa and beyond. Archaeological
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES

The holocene lake plain of north rudolph, east africa

  • K. Butzer
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1980
During most of the early and middle Holocene, Lake Rudolf was 75m deeper than today, flooding the Kibish Lake Plain as much as 60–100km north and northwest of the modern shore, with periodic overflow

Variations hydrologiques et extension des lacs holocenes du Desert Danakil

Bodenerosion in Semien-Äthiopien

Abstract. The soil erosion map in hand is integrated in an interdisciplinary work with zoology and botany which deals with the problems of an Ethiopian National Park in the High Semien Mountains.

The Christian Topography and the Kingdom of Axum

The site of Adulis, on the Ethiopian Red Sea coast, may one day yield a Greek inscription of outstanding importance for the geographical history of ancient Ethiopia. The text of the inscription was

The Vegetation of Central Tigre, Ethiopia, in relation to its land use

Summary The paper briefly describes the physical environment of central Tigre; a fuller quantitative and qualitative description of the vegetation follows. A total of 13 natural vegetation types were

AN ETHIOPIAN-SUDANESE FRONTIER ZONE IN ANCIENT HISTORY

changes, favoured warfare between two kingdoms and peoples very different environmentally and in cultural and political orientation. Evidence for this warfare across the Butana and in the 'Island of

Snow in Ethiopia: A Review of the Evidence

AMONG the most persistent contradictory statements about Africa are those which deal with the question of snow in Ethiopia. Does true snow fall in Ethiopia? Are there permanently snow-capped

Late Quaternary lake levels in southern Afar and the adjacent Ethopian Rift

A PERENNIAL problem in using evidence of changing lake levels and river activity to reconstruct Quaternary environments in East Africa stems from our frequent inability to distinguish between effects
...