Rift Valley fever virus.

@article{Bird2009RiftVF,
  title={Rift Valley fever virus.},
  author={Brian H. Bird and Thomas G. Ksiazek and Stuart T Nichol and Nigel James Maclachlan},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  year={2009},
  volume={234 7},
  pages={
          883-93
        }
}
Vet Med Today: Zoonosis Update 883 R Valley fever virus is a mosquito-borne pathogen of livestock and humans that historically has been responsible for widespread and devastating outbreaks of severe disease throughout Africa and, more recently, the Arabian Peninsula. The virus was first isolated and RVF disease was initially characterized following the sudden deaths (over a 4-week period) of approximately 4,700 lambs and ewes on a single farm along the shores of Lake Naivasha in the Great Rift… 
Rift Valley Fever: An Emerging Mosquito-Borne Disease.
TLDR
A review of recent research on RVF highlights recent research, focusing on vectors and their ecology, transmission dynamics, and use of environmental and climate data to predict disease outbreaks.
Breaking the chain: Rift Valley fever virus control via livestock vaccination.
TLDR
Preventing RVFV infection of livestock by vaccination is a key element in breaking the chain of human epidemics, and could lead to control of this significant public health threat.
Rift Valley Fever: Recent Insights into Pathogenesis and Prevention
TLDR
Progress in understanding the epidemiology of Rift Valley fever has enabled prediction of potential outbreaks well in advance, thus providing another tool to combat the physical and economic impact of this disease.
Tempering the risk: Rift Valley fever and bioterrorism
TLDR
The classification of RVFV as a potential bioterrorism agent has spurred investment and activity, particularly in the area of vaccine development and diagnostics, and a more longstanding, parallel interest in the disease has also developed internationally; one centred around the biosecurity implications of the virus.
RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS VACCINE STRATEGIES
TLDR
It is shown that the inactivated virus vaccine is well‐suited for that purpose until more effective alternatives are available, and the question of extending the vaccination program in Mozambique to include Maputo Province is raised.
Molecular biology and genetic diversity of Rift Valley fever virus.
  • T. Ikegami
  • Biology, Medicine
    Antiviral research
  • 2012
TLDR
High degree of conservation of genes encoding the virion surface glycoproteins suggests that a single vaccine should protect against all currently circulating RVFV strains, and preservation of the sequence of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase across viral lineages implies that antiviral drugs targeting the enzyme should be effective against all strains.
Towards a better understanding of Rift Valley fever epidemiology in the south-west of the
Rift Valley fever virus (Phlebovirus ,B unyaviridae) is an arbovirus causing intermittent epizootics and sporadic epidemics primarily in East Africa. Infection causes severe and often fatal illness
A Serological Study of Rift Valley Fever Virus in Two Regions in Tanzania
TLDR
The majority of the seropositive sheep and goats from all the three sampling sites were younger than seven years, indicating that RVFV circulates in low levels in the Arusha and Morogoro region during the inter-epidemic period.
Rift Valley Fever Virus Infection in Golden Syrian Hamsters
TLDR
The natural history of disease in golden Syrian hamsters challenged subcutaneously with the pathogenic ZH501 strain of RVFV indicates that fulminant hepatitis is the likely cause of mortality and further studies to assess the susceptibility and disease progression following respiratory route exposure are warranted.
Single-cycle replicable Rift Valley fever virus mutants as safe vaccine candidates.
TLDR
The properties of various RVFF vaccines and recent progress on the development of the single-cycle replicable RVFV vaccines are summarized.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 164 REFERENCES
Rift valley fever.
  • G. H. Gerdes
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Food animal practice
  • 2002
TLDR
Rift Valley fever virus is an arthropod-borne Phlebovirus endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, and human beings experience an influenza-like illness and, more rarely, complications such as encephalitis or retinitis.
[Rift Valley fever].
  • M. Pepin
  • Medicine
    Medecine et maladies infectieuses
  • 2011
TLDR
The awareness has increased in recent years with climate changes, which may possibly modify the vector distribution and competence, and prompted many RVF virus-free countries to better prepare for a potential implantation of RVF.
Prevalence of antibodies against Rift Valley fever virus in Kenyan wildlife
TLDR
Data provide evidence that wild ruminants are infected by RVFV but further studies are required to determine whether these animals play a role in the virus maintenance between outbreaks and virus amplification prior to a noticeable outbreak.
The Pathogenesis of Rift Valley Fever
TLDR
The pathology of RVF in human patients and several animal models is described, and the role of viral virulence factors and host factors that affect RVFV pathogenesis are summarized.
Rift Valley fever in humans in South Africa.
TLDR
During an epizootic of Rift Valley fever in South Africa in 1974/1975, mainly affecting sheep and cattle, a large number of human cases occurred, and follow-up studies showed that immune rates among residents on affected farms varied from 10% in children to 17,1% in adult males, with an overall immunity rate of 14,5%.
Rift Valley Fever Encephalitis
TLDR
A case of RVF encephalitis associated with retinitis, including CSF findings, viral culture results, and neuroradiology findings is described, involving an 18-year-old woman from Jazan (southwest of Saudi Arabia) who had a 3-day history of confusion, fever, and blurred vision at the time an RVF outbreak was peaking inJazan.
Rift Valley fever among domestic animals in the recent West African outbreak.
TLDR
Serum samples from domestic animal populations from areas near Rosso, the best studied focus of human infection, as well as other areas distant from known human disease, provided evidence of recent disease activity without the requirement to establish pre-disease antibody levels in populations or individuals.
Rift Valley fever virus: a seroepidemiologic study of small terrestrial vertebrates in South Africa.
TLDR
A role for A. namaquensis as a cryptic carrier for RVF virus during interepizootic periods is suggested and the results of other studies suggesting an amplifying role for heavy rainfall in the circulation of RVFirus are supported.
Serum Antibody to Rift Valley Fever Virus in African Carnivores
TLDR
The results of an extensive RVF serological survey among a diversity of African carnivore species show that cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, cats, mice, hamsters, rats, camels, water buffaloes, horses, monkeys, and humans are known to be susceptible to RVFV.
The Rift Valley fever epizootic in Egypt 1977-78. 2. Ecological and entomological studies.
TLDR
Over 30% of the camels sampled at the southern border of Egypt were serologically positive for antibodies to RVF virus and it appears likely that the virus was introduced into Egypt, either by these animals or by other vehicles from the south.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...