Rich Feature Hierarchies for Accurate Object Detection and Semantic Segmentation


Object detection performance, as measured on the canonical PASCAL VOC dataset, has plateaued in the last few years. The best-performing methods are complex ensemble systems that typically combine multiple low-level image features with high-level context. In this paper, we propose a simple and scalable detection algorithm that improves mean average precision (mAP) by more than 30% relative to the previous best result on VOC 2012 -- achieving a mAP of 53.3%. Our approach combines two key insights: (1) one can apply high-capacity convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to bottom-up region proposals in order to localize and segment objects and (2) when labeled training data is scarce, supervised pre-training for an auxiliary task, followed by domain-specific fine-tuning, yields a significant performance boost. Since we combine region proposals with CNNs, we call our method R-CNN: Regions with CNN features. We also present experiments that provide insight into what the network learns, revealing a rich hierarchy of image features. Source code for the complete system is available at

DOI: 10.1109/CVPR.2014.81
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@article{Girshick2014RichFH, title={Rich Feature Hierarchies for Accurate Object Detection and Semantic Segmentation}, author={Ross B. Girshick and Jeff Donahue and Trevor Darrell and Jitendra Malik}, journal={2014 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition}, year={2014}, pages={580-587} }