Properties and mechanism of synthesis of ribosomal RNA in evolution.
- U E Loening
- Pure and applied chemistry. Chimie pure et…
Ribosomal ribonucleic acids (rRNA's) of cultured cells from various species were compared by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Electrophoretic mobility of the 28 S RNA component varied according to species. Human cell 28 S rRNA was distinguishable from that of monkey cells. The mobility of chimpanzee 28 S rRNA was identical to that from human cells, but different from that of monkey cells. Cat, goat, and swine cell 28 S rRNA's were distinguishable from one another and from both human and monkey cell rRNA's. The mobilities of bovine, rabbit, rat, hamster, and mouse cell 28 S rRNA's were virtually identical to that from monkey cells. No apparent correlation existed between the mobility of 28 S rRNA and the currently accepted phylogenetic position of the donors. Normal cells, tumor cells, and virus-infected cells from the same species did not differ, but in some instances embryonic and adult cells were distinguishable. The 18 S rRNA components did not show variations comparable to those of the 28 S rRNA components.