Dinitrosyl iron complexes with thiol-containing ligands as a "working form" of endogenous nitric oxide.
- Anatoly F Vanin
- Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry
Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyse the reduction of ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides. They play a pivotal role in the regulation of DNA synthesis and are targets for antiproliferative drugs. Ribonucleotide reductases are unique enzymes in that they all require a protein radical for activity. Class I nonheme iron RNRs (mammals, plants, Escherichia coli) use a tyrosyl/cysteinyl radical pair, class II adenosylcobalamin RNRs (prokaryotes, archaea) a cysteinyl radical, class III iron-sulphur RNRs (facultative anaerobes) a glycyl radical. Here we describe the reactivity of these radicals with respect to the natural ribonucleotide substrates as well as to a variety of enzyme inhibitors, radical scavengers, nitric oxide, superoxide radicals and substrate analogues.