Ribeiroia ondatrae ( Trematoda : Digenea ) infection induces severe limb malformations in western toads ( Bufo boreas )

@inproceedings{Johnson2001RibeiroiaO,
  title={Ribeiroia ondatrae ( Trematoda : Digenea ) infection induces severe limb malformations in western toads ( Bufo boreas )},
  author={Pieter T J Johnson and Kevin B. Lunde and Ryan W. Haight and Jay Bowerman and Andrew R. Blaustein},
  year={2001}
}
Widespread reports of malformed amphibians in North America have prompted investigations into the cause(s) and implications of the phenomenon. Recently, a trematode parasite ( Ribeiroia ondatrae) was identified as the probable cause of hind-limb malformations in Pacific treefrogs ( Hyla regilla) from California. We exposed a second anuran species, the western toad ( Bufo boreas), to specific levels ofR. ondatraeinfection. In a dose-dependent manner, R. ondatraeinfection induced high frequencies… CONTINUE READING

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