Rhythmic alternating patterns of brain activity distinguish rapid eye movement sleep from other states of consciousness.

@article{Chow2013RhythmicAP,
  title={Rhythmic alternating patterns of brain activity distinguish rapid eye movement sleep from other states of consciousness.},
  author={Ho Ming Chow and Silvina G. Horovitz and Walter S. Carr and Dante Picchioni and Nate Coddington and Masaki Fukunaga and Yisheng Xu and Thomas J. Balkin and Jeff H. Duyn and Allen R. Braun},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2013},
  volume={110 25},
  pages={10300-5}
}
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep constitutes a distinct "third state" of consciousness, during which levels of brain activity are commensurate with wakefulness, but conscious awareness is radically transformed. To characterize the temporal and spatial features of this paradoxical state, we examined functional interactions between brain regions using fMRI resting-state connectivity methods. Supporting the view that the functional integrity of the default mode network (DMN) reflects "level of… CONTINUE READING

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