Rhythm histograms and musical meter: A corpus study of Malian percussion music.


Studies of musical corpora have given empirical grounding to the various features that characterize particular musical styles and genres. Palmer & Krumhansl (1990) found that in Western classical music the likeliest places for a note to occur are the most strongly accented beats in a measure, and this was also found in subsequent studies using both Western classical and folk music corpora (Huron & Ommen, 2006; Temperley, 2010). We present a rhythmic analysis of a corpus of 15 performances of percussion music from Bamako, Mali. In our corpus, the relative frequency of note onsets in a given metrical position does not correspond to patterns of metrical accent, though there is a stable relationship between onset frequency and metrical position. The implications of this non-congruence between simple statistical likelihood and metrical structure for the ways in which meter and metrical accent may be learned and understood are discussed, along with importance of cross-cultural studies for psychological research.

DOI: 10.3758/s13423-016-1093-7

Cite this paper

@article{London2017RhythmHA, title={Rhythm histograms and musical meter: A corpus study of Malian percussion music.}, author={Justin M London and Rainer Polak and Nori Jacoby}, journal={Psychonomic bulletin & review}, year={2017}, volume={24 2}, pages={474-480} }