Rhythm control versus rate control for atrial fibrillation and heart failure.

  title={Rhythm control versus rate control for atrial fibrillation and heart failure.},
  author={Denis Roy and Mario Talajic and Stanley Nattel and D. George Wyse and Paul Dorian and Kerry L Lee and Martial G. Bourassa and J. Malcolm O. Arnold and Alfred E. Buxton and A John Camm and Stuart J. Connolly and Marc Dubuc and Anique Ducharme and Peter G. Guerra and Stefan H. Hohnloser and Jean Lambert and Jean‐Yves Le Heuzey and Gilles O'hara and Ole Dyg Pedersen and Jean L. Rouleau and Bramahn . Singh and Lynne Warner Stevenson and William G. Stevenson and Bernard Thibault and Albert L. Waldo},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  volume={358 25},
BACKGROUND It is common practice to restore and maintain sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation and heart failure. This approach is based in part on data indicating that atrial fibrillation is a predictor of death in patients with heart failure and suggesting that the suppression of atrial fibrillation may favorably affect the outcome. However, the benefits and risks of this approach have not been adequately studied. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial comparing… 

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