Rhythm and interpersonal synchrony in early social development

  title={Rhythm and interpersonal synchrony in early social development},
  author={Laurel J. Trainor and Laura K. Cirelli},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
Adults who engage in synchronous movement to music later report liking each other better, remembering more about each other, trusting each other more, and are more likely to cooperate with each other compared to adults who engage in asynchronous movements. Although poor motor coordination limits infants’ ability to entrain to a musical beat, they perceive metrical structure in auditory rhythm patterns, their movements are affected by the tempo of music they hear, and if they are bounced by an… 

Social context facilitates visuomotor synchrony and bonding in children and adults

Improved visuomotor synchrony within a social, compared to non-social, context in adults and children and children’s degree of synchrony with the partner was significantly associated with their feelings of social closeness are revealed.

Endogenous rhythms influence musicians’ and non-musicians’ interpersonal synchrony

Individuals display considerable rate differences in the spontaneous production of rhythmic behaviors (such as speech, gait, dance). Temporal precision in rhythmic behavior tends to be highest at

Infants’ use of interpersonal asynchrony as a signal for third-party affiliation

Infants use social cues to form expectations about the social relationships of others. For example, they expect agents to approach helpful partners and avoid hindering partners. They expect

Body sway reflects leadership in joint music performance

It is demonstrated that musician assigned as leaders affect other performers more than musicians assigned as followers, and information sharing in a nonverbal joint action task occurs through both auditory and visual cues.

The Components of Interpersonal Synchrony in the Typical Population and in Autism: A Conceptual Analysis

Interpersonal synchrony – the tendency for social partners to temporally co-ordinate their behaviour when interacting – is a ubiquitous feature of social interactions. Synchronous interactions play a

A Motion Capture Study to Measure the Feeling of Synchrony in Romantic Couples and in Professional Musicians

The results suggest that being in a romantic relationship or being a professional musician can play a role in the feeling of synchrony and its underlying mechanisms.

Musical improvisation enhances interpersonal coordination in subsequent conversation: Motor and speech evidence

A convergent effect of prior musical interaction on joint body movement and use of shared periodicity across speech turn-transitions in conversations is shown, suggesting that interaction in music and speech may be mediated by common processes.



Interpersonal synchrony increases prosocial behavior in infants.

It is found that 14-month-old infants were more likely to engage in altruistic behavior and help the experimenter after having been bounced to music in synchrony with her, compared to infants who were bounces to music asynchronously with her.

Fourteen-month-old infants use interpersonal synchrony as a cue to direct helpfulness

Synchronous bouncing acts as a social cue for directing prosociality in 14-month-olds, and has implications for how musical engagement and rhythmic synchrony affect social behaviour very early in development.

Synchronized Drumming Enhances Activity in the Caudate and Facilitates Prosocial Commitment - If the Rhythm Comes Easily

By showing an overlap in activated areas during synchronized drumming and monetary reward, the findings suggest that interpersonal synchrony is related to the brain's reward system.

Rhythmic engagement with music in infancy

The results show that infants engage in significantly more rhythmic movement to music and other rhythmically regular sounds than to speech, and infants exhibit tempo flexibility to some extent, suggestive of a predisposition for rhythmicmovement in response toMusic and other metrically regularSounds.

Synchronous Chorusing and Human Origins

The fit between one of the evolutionary models proposed to explain synchronous chorusing in insects and basic aspects of the authors' earliest hominid ancestors’ social structure suggests that synchronous Chorusing may have played a fundamental and hitherto unsuspected role in the process of hom inid divergence from their common ancestor with the chimpanzee.

Parent–Infant Synchrony

Synchrony—a construct used across multiple fields to denote the temporal relationship between events—has been applied to the study of mother–infant interaction and is suggested here as a framework