Rhythm and Beat Perception in Motor Areas of the Brain

@article{Grahn2007RhythmAB,
  title={Rhythm and Beat Perception in Motor Areas of the Brain},
  author={Jessica A. Grahn and Matthew Brett},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
  year={2007},
  volume={19},
  pages={893-906}
}
  • J. Grahn, M. Brett
  • Published 2007
  • Psychology, Computer Science, Medicine
  • Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
When we listen to rhythm, we often move spontaneously to the beat. This movement may result from processing of the beat by motor areas. Previous studies have shown that several motor areas respond when attending to rhythms. Here we investigate whether specific motor regions respond to beat in rhythm. We predicted that the basal ganglia and supplementary motor area (SMA) would respond in the presence of a regular beat. To establish what rhythm properties induce a beat, we asked subjects to… Expand
The Role of the Basal Ganglia in Beat Perception
  • J. Grahn
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2009
TLDR
Findings from a series of studies that have specifically examined the neural basis of beat perception, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and studying patients with Parkinson's disease suggest that the basal ganglia are performing a crucial function in beat processing. Expand
Rhythm information represented in the fronto-parieto-cerebellar motor system
TLDR
It is proposed that rhythm information may be represented and retained as information about bodily movements in the supra-modal motor brain system. Expand
Interacting Cortical and Basal Ganglia Networks Underlying Finding and Tapping to the Musical Beat
TLDR
Functional connectivity analyses showed that these systems interact, indicating that more basic sensorimotor mechanisms instantiated in the BG work in tandem with higher-order cognitive mechanisms in PFC. Expand
Listening to musical rhythms recruits motor regions of the brain.
TLDR
Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies involving rhythm perception and production shed light on the nature of action-perception processes and suggest an inherent link between auditory and motor systems in the context of rhythm. Expand
Modulation of Motor Excitability by Metricality of Tone Sequences
When listening to music, humans tend to synchronize their movements with the perceived beat (e.g., foot-tapping). Brain areas associated with motor function have been closely linked to the perceptionExpand
NEUROSCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS OF MUSICAL RHYTHM
Music occurs in every human society, unfolds over time, and enables synchronized movements. The neural mechanisms underlying the perception, cognition, and production of musical rhythm have beenExpand
Rhythm and Beat Perception
From established musicians to musical novices, humans perceive temporal patterns in music and respond to them. There is much that we still do not understand, however, about how the temporal patternsExpand
Tuning‐in to the beat: Aesthetic appreciation of musical rhythms correlates with a premotor activity boost
TLDR
The findings support the assumption that the premotor activity increase during preferred tempo is the result of enhanced sensorimotor simulation of the beat frequency, and may serve as a mechanism that facilitates the tuning‐in to the beat of appealing music. Expand
Tempo mediates the involvement of motor areas in beat perception
TLDR
Findings support the conclusion that rhythms presented at a slow tempo reduce involvement of a striato–thalamo–cortico network in beat‐based processing. Expand
Temporal and Motor Representation of Rhythm in Fronto-Parietal Cortical Areas: An fMRI Study
TLDR
This work hypothesized that rhythm information can be manifested in two different ways; temporal and motor representations, and tested this hypothesis with a working memory paradigm to elucidate neuronal correlates of temporal or motor representation of rhythm and to reveal the neural networks associated with these representations. Expand
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  • Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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Findings from a series of studies that have specifically examined the neural basis of beat perception, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and studying patients with Parkinson's disease suggest that the basal ganglia are performing a crucial function in beat processing. Expand
Listening to musical rhythms recruits motor regions of the brain.
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Impairment of beat-based rhythm discrimination in Parkinson's disease
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