[Rheology and spinning of alkaline solutions of sunflower seed globulin and casein].

Abstract

The specific demand of sodium hydroxide is determined for the dissolution of sunflower seed globulin, casein and a mixture of them to equal parts. In low protein-containing solutions it depends for sunflower seed globulin very much on the sodium chloride concentration. From sunflower seed globulin, casein and a mixture of them to equal parts are prepared with sodium hydroxide high protein-containing alkaline solutions. Sunflower seed globulin forms temporally a gel phase. After this phase the solution of sunflower seed globulin shows like casein and a mixture of sunflower seed globulin/casein (I:I) pseudoplastic flow. The flow curves of the pseudoplastic solutions are described mathematically with the OSWALDian power statement. By alkaline solutions of casein and sunflower seed globulin/casein (I:I) the flow exponent n is distributed statistically about 0.9, by solutions of sunflower seed globulin a distribution exists about the mean values n = 0.85 and n = 0.50. lg k depends in all protein solutions on the concentration of protein, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and on the temperature and time. For all protein solutions exists a linear relation between the logarithm of viscosity and the reciprocal temperature for lg k and I/T, which is derived normally for NEWTONian flow behaviour. In a suitable scope of spinning for all protein solutions are carried out complete factorial experiment, which guide to regression equations of lg k; in the case of sunflower seed globulin are calculated also a regression equation of the flow exponent n. Going out from the parameters of the spinning process the properties of the spun sunflower seed globulin/casein (I:I) fibers are described.

Cite this paper

@article{Schmandke1976RheologyAS, title={[Rheology and spinning of alkaline solutions of sunflower seed globulin and casein].}, author={H Schmandke and Dieter Paul and Rachel Friebe and Heide Anger and Deniz Bartsch and H J Purz and Helmut Luther and R Maune and Valentijn S C Webers}, journal={Die Nahrung}, year={1976}, volume={20 2}, pages={195-211} }