Rewilding should be central to global restoration efforts

  title={Rewilding should be central to global restoration efforts},
  author={Jens‐Christian Svenning},
  journal={One Earth},
  • J. Svenning
  • Published 1 December 2020
  • Environmental Science
  • One Earth

Figures from this paper

Future restoration should enhance ecological complexity and emergent properties at multiple scales

development of complexity metrics that can be applied at both local and regional scales. Ultimately, the adoption of an ecological complexity paradigm will be based on an acceptance that the ongoing

Urgent need for updating the slogan of global climate actions from “tree planting” to “restore native vegetation”

The prevailing nature‐based solution to tackle climate change is tree planting. However, there is growing evidence that it has serious contraindications in many regions. The main shortcoming of

Enhancing monitoring of rewilding progress through wildlife tracking and remote sensing

This framework uses habitat classification of the site and tracking data of the reintroduced animals, to model their habitat selection, and is operationalize in an ongoing rewilding project in the Iberá Wetlands, Corrientes, Argentina, showing that this framework can be used to assess the spatial progress of a re wilding site.

Operationalizing process‐based restoration for terrestrial communities

  • A. Ford
  • Environmental Science
    Restoration Ecology
  • 2021
Diverse perspectives in the theory and practice of restoration ecology create a productive space to continuously improve outcomes for people and biodiversity. The practical side of restoration

Using recent baselines as benchmarks for megafauna restoration places an unfair burden on the Global South

The Megafauna Index is introduced, which considers large mammal’s potential species richness and range area at country-level, to explore how the responsibility for megafauna restoration distributes across the world according to four scenarios using various temporal benchmarks to define species’ indigenous range.

Leveraging palaeoproteomics to address conservation and restoration agendas

An ecoregion‐based approach to restoring the world's intact large mammal assemblages

1 © 2022 The Authors. Ecography published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic Society Oikos This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which

Traditional Free-Ranging Livestock Farming as a Management Strategy for Biological and Cultural Landscape Diversity: A Case from the Southern Apennines

Mediterranean mountain landscapes are undergoing a widespread phenomenon of abandonment. This brings, as a consequence, the loss of traditional land use practices, such as transhumant pastoralism, as

Land Use and Ecological Change: A 12,000-Year History

  • E. Ellis
  • Environmental Science
    Annual Review of Environment and Resources
  • 2021
Human use of land has been transforming Earth's ecology for millennia. From hunting and foraging to burning the land to farming to industrial agriculture, increasingly intensive human use of land has

Large herbivores suppress liana infestation in an African savanna

It is concluded that ongoing declines of wild large-herbivore populations will disrupt the structure and functioning of many African savannas in ways that have received little attention and that may not be mitigated by replacing wildlife with livestock.



Upgrading protected areas to conserve wild biodiversity

International agreements mandate the expansion of Earth's protected-area network as a bulwark against the continued extinction of wild populations, species, and ecosystems; the conundrum is how to increase their coverage and effectiveness simultaneously.

Rewilding complex ecosystems

A framework for rewilding actions that can serve as a guideline for researchers and managers and aims to promote beneficial interactions between society and nature, and identifies trophic complexity, stochastic disturbances, and dispersal as three critical components of natural ecosystem dynamics.

Bending the curve of terrestrial biodiversity needs an integrated strategy

It is shown that ambitious conservation efforts and food system transformation are central to an effective post-2020 biodiversity strategy and increases in both the extent of land under conservation management and the sustainability of the global food system from farm to fork are required.

Trophic rewilding as a climate change mitigation strategy?

This work provides a novel synthesis of the various ways that megafauna interact with the major drivers of anthropogenic climate change, including greenhouse gas storage and emission, aerosols and albedo, and explores the role of rewilding as a mitigation tool at two scales.

International principles and standards for the practice of ecological restoration. Second edition

Ecological restoration, when implemented effectively and sustainably, contributes to protecting biodiversity; improving human health and wellbeing; increasing food and water security; delivering

Science for a wilder Anthropocene: Synthesis and future directions for trophic rewilding research

A synthesis of its current scientific basis is provided, highlighting trophic cascades as the key conceptual framework, discussing the main lessons learned from ongoing rewilding projects, systematically reviewing the current literature, and highlighting unintentional re wilding and spontaneous wildlife comebacks as underused sources of information.

Megafauna extinctions have reduced biotic connectivity worldwide

AIM: Connectivity among ecosystems is necessary to sustain ecological processes that promote biodiversity, community stability and ecosystem resilience, such as organism and nutrient dispersal. Along

Can trophic rewilding reduce the impact of fire in a more flammable world?

To date, rewilding projects that aim to restore large herbivores have paid little attention to the value of large animals in moderating fire regimes, and Rewilding potentially offers a powerful tool for managing the risks of wildfire and its impacts on natural and human values.

Trophic rewilding revives biotic resistance to shrub invasion

It is shown that war-induced collapse of large-mammal populations in Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park exacerbated woody encroachment by the invasive shrub Mimosa pigra and that one decade of concerted trophic rewilding restored this invasion to pre-war baseline levels.

Exploring a natural baseline for large herbivore biomass

This work applies the scaling pattern for consumer-producer relationships and shows that the biomass of large herbivores in ecosystems across the world is considerably lower than expected from primary productivity, indicating that restoring large Herbivore biomass would entail increasing large herbvore biomass by orders of magnitude in most ecosystems.