Reward Sensitivity and Substance Abuse in Middle School and High School Students

@article{Genovese2007RewardSA,
  title={Reward Sensitivity and Substance Abuse in Middle School and High School Students},
  author={Jeremy E. C. Genovese and Deborah Wallace},
  journal={The Journal of Genetic Psychology},
  year={2007},
  volume={168},
  pages={465 - 469}
}
In this study, the authors investigated the relation between reward and punishment sensitivity and adolescent substance use. The sample (N = 216; 130 girls, 85 boys) was drawn from high school and middle school students enrolled in a Midwestern suburban school district. Participants completed a substance use questionnaire and the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (R. Torrubia, C. Avila, J. Molto, & X. Caseras, 2001). For 13 of 15 types of substance abuse… Expand
Trajectories of Reinforcement Sensitivity During Adolescence and Risk for Substance Use.
TLDR
Trajectories of sensitivity to reward and sensitivity to punishment were examined and tested as predictors of escalation of early substance use in a community sample of adolescents and suggest that early adolescent substance use is motivated by approach responses to reward, rather than failure to avoid potential aversive consequences. Expand
Family, Community, and Peer Factors in Substance Abuse Recovery and School Achievement
Family, Community, and Peer Factors in Substance Abuse Recovery and School Achievement by Lisa Duszynski MBA, University of Phoenix, 2010 BS, Saint Petersburg College, 2007 Dissertation Submitted inExpand
Temperamental characteristics of adolescents with substance abuse and/or dependence: A case–control study
Abstract This study examines reactive and self-regulatory temperament in 34 clinically referred adolescents with substance abuse and/or dependence and 34 matched controls between the ages of 14 andExpand
The Sensitivity Level of Behavioral Approach and Inhibition Systems in Substance Abusers, Smokers and Normal Subjects
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine the sensitivity level of Behavioral Approach System (BAS) and Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) as probable predisposing factors for substanceExpand
The role of sensitivity to reward and punishment and moral disengagement in the prediction of craving among people with substance dependency
Craving is considered as one of the most important factors in treatment failure and relapse in patients undergoing abstinence programs. This study was aimed to determine the role of sensitivity toExpand
Reward-related attentional biases and adolescent substance use: the TRAILS study.
TLDR
Correlational analysis showed a positive relationship between substance use and enhanced attentional engagement, with cues that predicted potential reward and nonpunishment, consistent with the view that adolescents who show a generally enhanced appetitive bias might be at increased risk for developing heavier substance use. Expand
Associations between sensitivity to punishment, sensitivity to reward, and gambling.
TLDR
Examining the functional associations between sensitivity to punishment (SP), sensitivity to reward (SR), and gambling problems in a sample of college students demonstrated that individual differences in SP and SR are functionally associated with gambling problems. Expand
BIS / BAS and College Alcohol Use : Motivation , Consequences , and Attention
College drinking is associated with adverse consequences. Motives for alcohol use and attention to alcohol-stimuli may relate to Gray’s (1981) two-factor model of personality (i.e., the BehavioralExpand
Alexithymia and alcohol: The roles of punishment sensitivity and drinking motives
Alexithymia refers to difficulties identifying and describing feelings. It is suspected of being a risk factor for problematic drinking, an idea examined by this study. In 178 women and 84 menExpand
The Sensitivity Level of Behavioral Activation System and Behavioral Inhibition System of Opioid dependent sample, methamphetamine dependent sample and non-abusers
TLDR
It can be said that irritating drug abusers have sensitive BIS than drug users and normal people, which is the main factor that tends abusers toward approach behaviors. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 11 REFERENCES
Alcohol abuse and dysfunctional eating in adolescent girls: the influence of individual differences in sensitivity to reward and punishment.
  • N. Loxton, S. Dawe
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The International journal of eating disorders
  • 2001
TLDR
It is suggested that girls who abuse alcohol and have dysfunctional eating may share a vulnerability to heightened sensitivity to reward, yet be differentiated by sensitivity to punishment. Expand
Personality and substance use in Russian youths: The predictive and moderating role of behavioural activation and gender
Abstract Alcohol, tobacco, and drug use were investigated in a representative sample of 4501 Russian youths aged 14–25 years. In addition to questions on substance use (SU), the participants filledExpand
Behavioral approach system (BAS) sensitivity predicts alcohol craving
In typical cue reactivity paradigms there are large individual differences found in subjective alcohol craving. Despite the fact that this is observed in many studies, research on the relationExpand
BIS/BAS Levels and Psychiatric Disorder: An Epidemiological Study
Behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation levels have been theorized to relate to a broad range of psychopathologies. To date, however, studies have focused on a single diagnosis, and theExpand
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Model and Child Psychopathology: Laboratory and Questionnaire Assessment of the BAS and BIS
TLDR
Results supported the utility of the questionnaire measures and reaction time task as assessments of BAS and BIS functioning and showed high levels of impulsivity/fun seeking, but not drive or reward responsivity, were associated with high level of internalizing behavior problems. Expand
The Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ) as a measure of Gray's anxiety and impulsivity dimensions.
Gray [In H. J. Eysenck, A model for personality (pp. 246–276). New York: Springer; 1981; The neuropsychology of anxiety: an enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system. Oxford: OxfordExpand
Behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation system scales for children: Relationships with Eysenck's personality traits and psychopathological symptoms
This study examined the psychometric properties of an age-downward version of the Carver and White (1994) BIS/BAS scales. Normal school children (N = 284) aged 8-12 years completed the BIS/BAS scalesExpand
Applying Measures of Association to Nominal-Ordinal Data
Sociologists, when analyzing a contingency table, know that collapsing such a table may or may not increase the existing relationship and in some cases may even decrease it. In conjunction with thisExpand
How to conduct behavioral research over the Internet
...
1
2
...