Reward Sensitivity and Substance Abuse in Middle School and High School Students

  title={Reward Sensitivity and Substance Abuse in Middle School and High School Students},
  author={Jeremy E. C. Genovese and Deborah Wallace},
  journal={The Journal of Genetic Psychology},
  pages={465 - 469}
In this study, the authors investigated the relation between reward and punishment sensitivity and adolescent substance use. The sample (N = 216; 130 girls, 85 boys) was drawn from high school and middle school students enrolled in a Midwestern suburban school district. Participants completed a substance use questionnaire and the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (R. Torrubia, C. Avila, J. Molto, & X. Caseras, 2001). For 13 of 15 types of substance abuse… 

Trajectories of Reinforcement Sensitivity During Adolescence and Risk for Substance Use.

Trajectories of sensitivity to reward and sensitivity to punishment were examined and tested as predictors of escalation of early substance use in a community sample of adolescents and suggest that early adolescent substance use is motivated by approach responses to reward, rather than failure to avoid potential aversive consequences.

Family, Community, and Peer Factors in Substance Abuse Recovery and School Achievement

Family, Community, and Peer Factors in Substance Abuse Recovery and School Achievement by Lisa Duszynski MBA, University of Phoenix, 2010 BS, Saint Petersburg College, 2007 Dissertation Submitted in

The Sensitivity Level of Behavioral Approach and Inhibition Systems in Substance Abusers, Smokers and Normal Subjects

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to examine the sensitivity level of Behavioral Approach System (BAS) and Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) as probable predisposing factors for substance

The role of sensitivity to reward and punishment and moral disengagement in the prediction of craving among people with substance dependency

Craving is considered as one of the most important factors in treatment failure and relapse in patients undergoing abstinence programs. This study was aimed to determine the role of sensitivity to

Reward-related attentional biases and adolescent substance use: the TRAILS study.

Correlational analysis showed a positive relationship between substance use and enhanced attentional engagement, with cues that predicted potential reward and nonpunishment, consistent with the view that adolescents who show a generally enhanced appetitive bias might be at increased risk for developing heavier substance use.

BIS / BAS and College Alcohol Use : Motivation , Consequences , and Attention

The Behavioral Activation System (BAS) and Behavioral Inhibition System may have important implications for reducing drinking behavior in college students.

Alexithymia and alcohol: The roles of punishment sensitivity and drinking motives

Alexithymia refers to difficulties identifying and describing feelings. It is suspected of being a risk factor for problematic drinking, an idea examined by this study. In 178 women and 84 men

The Sensitivity Level of Behavioral Activation System and Behavioral Inhibition System of Opioid dependent sample, methamphetamine dependent sample and non-abusers

It can be said that irritating drug abusers have sensitive BIS than drug users and normal people, which is the main factor that tends abusers toward approach behaviors.



Behavioral approach system (BAS) sensitivity predicts alcohol craving

BIS/BAS Levels and Psychiatric Disorder: An Epidemiological Study

Behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation levels have been theorized to relate to a broad range of psychopathologies. To date, however, studies have focused on a single diagnosis, and the

Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Model and Child Psychopathology: Laboratory and Questionnaire Assessment of the BAS and BIS

Results supported the utility of the questionnaire measures and reaction time task as assessments of BAS and BIS functioning and showed high levels of impulsivity/fun seeking, but not drive or reward responsivity, were associated with high level of internalizing behavior problems.

Applying Measures of Association to Nominal-Ordinal Data

Sociologists, when analyzing a contingency table, know that collapsing such a table may or may not increase the existing relationship and in some cases may even decrease it. In conjunction with this

Alcohol abuse and dysfunctional eating in adolescent girls: the influence of individual differences in sensitivity to reward and punishment.

  • N. LoxtonS. Dawe
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of eating disorders
  • 2001
It is suggested that girls who abuse alcohol and have dysfunctional eating may share a vulnerability to heightened sensitivity to reward, yet be differentiated by sensitivity to punishment.