Reviving Campbell’s Paradigm for Attitude Research

@article{Kaiser2010RevivingCP,
  title={Reviving Campbell’s Paradigm for Attitude Research},
  author={Florian G. Kaiser and Katarzyna Byrka and Terry Hartig},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  year={2010},
  volume={14},
  pages={351 - 367}
}
Because people often say one thing and do another, social psychologists have abandoned the idea of a simple or axiomatic connection between attitude and behavior. Nearly 50 years ago, however, Donald Campbell proposed that the root of the seeming inconsistency between attitude and behavior lies in disregard of behavioral costs. According to Campbell, attitude— behavior gaps are empirical chimeras. Verbal claims and other overt behaviors regarding an attitude object all arise from one… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

The Campbell Paradigm as a Conceptual Alternative to the Expectation of Hypocrisy in Contemporary Attitude Research
TLDR
Two studies that adopted the Campbell paradigm, an alternative to the traditional understanding of attitudes, found that specific attitude-relevant cooperation in a social dilemma was a function of people’s pre-existing general environmental attitude.
Conformity Within the Campbell Paradigm
Abstract. Conformity – people’s propensity to comply with the norms and expectations of others – is an important driver of behavior. In this research, we develop a measure of people’s level of
The Campbell Paradigm as a Behavior-Predictive Reinterpretation of the Classical Tripartite Model of Attitudes
TLDR
The Campbell Paradigm is introduced as a novel variant of Rosenberg and Hovland’s (1960) tripartite model of attitudes, based on a highly restricted measurement model that speaks of a compensatory relation between a person's latent attitude and the costs that come with any specific behavior.
How Techniques of Neutralization Legitimize Norm- and Attitude-Inconsistent Consumer Behavior
In accordance with societal norms and values, consumers readily indicate their positive attitudes toward sustainability. However, they hardly take sustainability into account when engaging in
Positive spillover: The result of attitude change
Abstract Behavioral spillover is the phenomenon when a behavior change is accompanied by subsequent changes in other behaviors related to the same goal (e.g., environmental protection). We propose to
The dominance of introspective measures and what this implies: The example of environmental attitude
TLDR
It is argued that the use of a greater variety of methods would reduce problems and would in turn foster theory building, and a classical introspective attitude measure showed substantially better validity that could aid theory development.
Offsetting behavioral costs with personal attitude: Identifying the psychological essence of an environmental attitude measure
Abstract Identifying the essence of a latent psychological attribute captured by a measurement instrument requires more than a glance at the measure's indicators or confidence in an established
A functional-cognitive framework for attitude research
In attitude research, behaviours are often used as proxies for attitudes and attitudinal processes. This practice is problematic because it conflates the behaviours that need to be explained
How do we know we are measuring environmental attitude? Specific objectivity as the formal validation criterion for measures of latent attributes
Abstract In this article, our aim is to introduce the formal validation criterion of specific objectivity to environmental psychologists. Using a convenience sample of 787 respondents, we constructed
The question-behaviour effect in intergroup attitudes research: When do attitudes towards a minority predict a relevant behaviour?
TLDR
It is corroborated that merely expressing attitudes towards the Jewish minority affects people's relevant behaviour towards this group, and participants who first completed verbal attitude measures were more likely to donate to a Jewish organisation.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 91 REFERENCES
Attitude-behavior consistency : Campbell's paradigm in environmental and health domains
It is a common observation that people say one thing and do another. The lack of correspondence between declarations and actions, termed in psychology as attitudebehavior gap is the focal problem in
Attitudes Versus Actions: The Relationship of Verbal and Overt Behavioral Responses to Attitude Objects.
Gordon Allport (1954) has described the attitude concept as "the primary building stone in the edifice of social psychology [p. 45]," and the extensive attitude literature in the past 20 years
Attitudes vs. Actions
By definition, a social attitude is a behaviour pattern, anticipatory set or tendency, predisposition to specific adjustment to designated social situations, or, more simply, a conditioned response
The Attitude–Behavior Relationship: A Test of Three Models of the Moderating Role of Behavioral Difficulty1
The moderating role of behavioral difficulty in the attitude–behavior relationship remains a controversial topic in social psychology. Previous research has been unclear in establishing the direction
Behavior-based environmental attitude : development of an instrument for adolescents
Due to the omnipresent attitude–behavior gap, conservation psychologists have ceased to believe that attitudes are traceable from people's behavioral records. In contrast to this conventional wisdom
The theory of planned behavior
Research dealing with various aspects of* the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985, 1987) is reviewed, and some unresolved issues are discussed. In broad terms, the theory is found to be well
Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research.
Research on the relation between attitude and behavior is examined in light of the correspondence between attitudinal and behavioral entities. Such entities are defined by their target, action,
The proposition of a general version of the theory of planned behavior: Predicting ecological behavior
The present paper explores whether the theory of planned behavior (TPB) must abandon the notion that perceived behavioral control (PBC) has a direct influence on behavior. In a cross-sectional survey
Traps and gaps in action explanation: theoretical problems of a psychology of human action.
  • W. Greve
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The logical-connection argument can be circumvented if the existing research findings are reinterpreted as part of a psychology of intention, and the value of such an approach for future research is demonstrated.
Attitude Representation: Attitudes as Patterns in a Distributed, Connectionist Representational System
How we think about the representation of attitudes has a profound impact on how we think about attitudes themselves, attitude change, and the attitude–behavior relationship. In this article, we
...
1
2
3
4
5
...