Revisiting the cosmic-ray induced Venusian radiation dose in the context of habitability

  title={Revisiting the cosmic-ray induced Venusian radiation dose in the context of habitability},
  author={Konstantin Herbst and S. Banjac and Dimitra Atri and Tom A. Nordheim},
  journal={Astronomy \& Astrophysics},
Context. Cosmic rays (CRs), which constantly bombard planetary magnetic fields and atmospheres, are the primary driver of atmospheric spallation processes. The higher the energy of these particles, the deeper they penetrate the planetary atmosphere, and the more likely interactions become with the ambient atmospheric material and the evolution of secondary particle showers. Aims. As recently discussed in the literature, CRs are the dominant driver of the Venusian atmospheric ionization and the… 

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