Revisiting the Epistemology of Fact-Checking

  title={Revisiting the Epistemology of Fact-Checking},
  author={Michelle A. Amazeen},
  journal={Critical Review},
  pages={1 - 22}
ABSTRACT Joseph E. Uscinski and Ryden W. Butler (2013) argue that fact-checking should be condemned to the dustbin of history because the methods fact-checkers use to select statements, consider evidence, and render judgment fail to stand up to the rigors of scientific inquiry and threaten to stifle political debate. However, the premises upon which they build their arguments are flawed. By sampling from multiple “fact-checking agencies” that do not practice fact-checking on a regular basis in… 
The Epistemology of Fact Checking (Is Still Naìve): Rejoinder to Amazeen
ABSTRACT Michelle Amazeen's rebuttal of Uscinski and Butler 2013 is unsuccessful. Amazeen's attempt to infer the accuracy of fact checks from their agreement with each other fails on its own terms
How fact-checkers delimit their scope of practices and use sources: Comparing professional and partisan practitioners
Fact-checkers, as their names suggest, are supposedly agents who check the validity of “facts.” But in reality, how do fact-checkers delimit the scope of their practices? What sources do they use to
Objectivity and Interpretation in Fact-Checking Journalism
  • J. Birks
  • Philosophy
    Fact-Checking Journalism and Political Argumentation
  • 2019
This chapter outlines the tensions between fact-checking journalism and the dominant epistemological norms and practices of ‘objective’ journalism to explain why elements of fact-checking practice
Anatomy of a Fact Check: Objective Practice and the Contested Epistemology of Fact Checking
This article presents a detailed ethnographic account of objective practice among professional fact checkers, reporters who specialize in assessing the truth of political claims. Some critics argue
Fighting Misperceptions and Doubting Journalists’ Objectivity: A Review of Fact-checking Literature
Fact checkers evaluate the truthfulness of political claims appearing in public. The practice has increased enormously in recent years. This review analyses research concerning political
Fact-Checking Misinformation: Eight Notes on Consensus Reality
The article concludes with a discussion on the extent to which fact-checking may be effective in countering the current misinformation landscape in a context where consensus reality has been super-imposed by individual reality.
Aggregated fact-checks, partisanship, and perceptions of candidate honesty
ABSTRACT Evidence of journalistic fact-checking’s capacity to correct misperceptions is mixed, and evidence of its capacity to alter candidate appraisals is even more limited. However, to date,
Fact-Checking Polarized Politics: Does The Fact-Check Industry Provide Consistent Guidance on Disputed Realities?
Abstract In the contemporary political environment of polarized claims about disputed realities, the online fact-check industry was born. These enterprises have received awards and praise but also
Black Lies vs. White Lies: Information Asymmetry and Bias in Fact-Checking Platforms
Drawing on a single and highly popular response to the problem of fake news, fact-checking, and by further examining the role of the spokesperson in contrast to the content or statements made, this work provides novel, interesting, and important perspective on understanding how to intervene in the proliferation of misinformation online.
Fact-Checking as Mobilization and Counter-Mobilization: The Case of the Anti-Extradition Bill Movement in Hong Kong
ABSTRACT Fact-checking has become a prominent practice in contemporary societies as fake news proliferates. While researchers have identified a variety of fact-checking practices and the possibility


The Epistemology of Fact Checking
ABSTRACT Fact checking has become a prominent facet of political news coverage, but it employs a variety of objectionable methodological practices, such as treating a statement containing multiple
Checking the Fact-Checkers in 2008: Predicting Political Ad Scrutiny and Assessing Consistency
Which types of political ads are most likely to draw criticism from fact-checkers? Are fact-checkers consistent in their evaluations of political ads? Examining general election television ads from
The Effect of Fact-Checking on Elites: A Field Experiment on U.S. State Legislators
Does external monitoring improve democratic performance? Fact-checking has come to play an increasingly important role in political coverage in the United States, but some research suggests it may be
Misinformation and Its Correction
Recommendations may help practitioners—including journalists, health professionals, educators, and science communicators—design effective misinformation retractions, educational tools, and public-information campaigns.
When Corrections Fail: The Persistence of Political Misperceptions
An extensive literature addresses citizen ignorance, but very little research focuses on misperceptions. Can these false or unsubstantiated beliefs about politics be corrected? Previous studies have
unSpun: Finding Facts in a World of Disinformation
Total lecture time: 1:22:26 Introduction: H. Carton Rogers, Vice Provost and Director of Libraries (00:24-05:58; Lecture: Kathleen Hall Jamieson (06:04-54:02); Questions and answers (54:03-1:22:25).
Misinformation and Fact-checking : Research Findings from Social Science
This report carries a Creative Commons license, which permits non-commercial re-use of New America content when proper attribution is provided. This means you are free to copy, display and distribute
The influence of source credibility on communication effectiveness
In a new tot of the process of forgetting, scepticism faded and the "untrustworthy" mithe authors found that subjects, at the time terial was accepted. Lies, in fact, seemed to be of exposure,
Content Analysis in Mass Communication: Assessment and Reporting of Intercoder Reliability
A content analysis of 200 studies utilizing content analysis published in the communication literature between 1994 and 1998 is used to characterize practices in the field and demonstrate that mass communication researchers often fail to assess (or at least report) intercoder reliability and often rely on percent agreement, an overly liberal index.
Echo Chamber: Rush Limbaugh and the Conservative Media Establishment
Preface 1. How the Conservative Media Attack the Democratic Opposition 2. How the Conservative Opinion Media Defend Conservatism 3. Conservative Opinion Media: The Players 4. The Conservative Opinion