Revisiting the Contact Hypothesis: The Case of Public Exposure to Homelessness

@article{Lee2004RevisitingTC,
  title={Revisiting the Contact Hypothesis: The Case of Public Exposure to Homelessness},
  author={Barrett A. Lee and Chad R. Farrell and Bruce G. Link},
  journal={American Sociological Review},
  year={2004},
  volume={69},
  pages={40 - 63}
}
Using data from a national survey of public attitudes toward homeless people, this paper evaluates the applicability of the contact hypothesis to in-group/out-group relations that fail to meet the optimal conditions specified in the contact literature. Past efforts are extended by (1) moving beyond face-to-face encounters to consider multiple types of ingroup exposure to a highly stigmatized out-group, (2) examining a variety of attitudinal outcomes, and (3) incorporating community context as a… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Effect of Contact on Attitudes Toward Old Order Amish1
This investigation was guided by social categorization theory and the contact hypothesis. A convenience sample of 89 adults provided survey data to test the hypothesis that non-Amish individuals who
Public exposure and attitudes about homelessness.
TLDR
Most Americans care about homelessness as a major problem but there are divergent perspectives on solutions to address homelessness based on gender, income level, and political affiliation.
An Experimental Approach to Assessing the Attitudes of Social Service and Healthcare Employees toward the Homeless
Abstract The current study examined attitudes about the homeless among a range of social service and healthcare employees using both self-report and an experimental approach. Ninety-six respondents
Effects of Geographical Upbringing and Intergroup Contact on Racial Attitudes
The repercussions of racism can range from ignorance and neglect to injury and even death. Ways to decrease attitudes of racism have been debated for centuries, resulting in various theories. The
Contact and Anxiety as Predictors of Bias Toward the Homeless1
We examined contact and anxiety as predictors of attitudes toward the homeless and attributions for homelessness. Study 1 presents data on undergraduates' attitudes, Study 2 reports on student and
Social Stigma and Homelessness: The Limits of Social Change
We examine the issues around the stigmatization of homelessness and how it links to capitalism. Society focuses on the individual as the cause of his or her own state of homelessness, blaming the
Victimization of the Homeless: Public Perceptions, Public Policies, and Implications for Social Work Practice
Homeless individuals are particularly vulnerable to victimization, sometimes resulting in fatalities. Theories of victimization prove useful to understanding the risks inherent in being homeless as
Race, Gender, and Homelessness Stigma: Effects of Perceived Blameworthiness and Dangerousness
ABSTRACT Males and black persons are overrepresented among the homeless population and experience differential trajectories in homelessness and access to services. However, research has not fully
The Perception Of Homeless People: Important Factors In Determining Perceptions Of The Homeless As Dangerous
This study uses two quantitative and two qualitative data sources to determine if homeless people are viewed as dangerous and if they are what factors contribute to this perception. Areas examined
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
Are the Homeless to Blame?: A Test of Two Theories
Dominant ideology and public arenas theories yield different hypotheses concerning the incidence and antecedents of public beliefs about the causes of homelessness. The analysis reported here, which
Public Beliefs About the Causes of Homelessness
Using data from a survey of Nashville, Tennessee, residents, we show that public beliefs about the causes of homelessness emphasize structural forces and bad luck over individualistic factors. Our
Beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge about homelessness: A survey of the general public
TLDR
Women and younger respondents thought homelessness a more serious problem, saw fewer personal deficits among homeless persons, and perceived employment as more critical in the cause and solution of the problem.
Images of the homeless: Public views and media messages
Abstract Despite its potential policy relevance, public opinion about homelessness has received little attention from researchers. This deficiency is addressed here by bringing together data obtained
The Stigma of Homelessness: The Impact of the Label 'Homeless' on Attitudes Toward Poor Persons
Poor people have long been stigmatized and blamed for their situation. According to theory about stigma and about inequality-legitimating ideologies, homeless people should be stigmatized even more
Effects of structured cooperative contact on changing negative attitudes toward stigmatized social groups.
TLDR
Evidence is provided consistent with the hypothesis that contact affects attitude in part by eliciting a more positive portrait of the typical group member by describing the typical mental patient more positively and adopted more positive attitudes and wider latitudes of acceptance toward the group.
The Contact Hypothesis Revisited: Black-White Interaction and Positive Racial Attitudes
The contact hypothesis the idea that contact between members of different races fosters positive racial attitudes has performed indifferently in research conducted over the past four decades, leading
Intergroup contact theory.
TLDR
The chapter proposes four processes: learning about the outgroup, changed behavior, affective ties, and ingroup reappraisal, and distinguishes between essential and facilitating factors, and emphasizes different outcomes for different stages of contact.
"Some of My Best Friends" Intergroup Contact, Concealable Stigma, and Heterosexuals' Attitudes Toward Gay Men and Lesbians
In a two-wave national telephone survey, a probability sample of English-speaking adults indicated their attitudes toward gay men at Wave 1 (1990-91; n = 538) and toward both gay men and lesbians
Identity Work Among the Homeless: The Verbal Construction and Avowal of Personal Identities
This paper elaborates processes of identity construction and avowal among homeless street people, with two underlying and interconected objectives in mind: to advance understanding of the manner in
...
...