Revisiting Carbon Flux Through the Ocean's Twilight Zone

@article{Buesseler2007RevisitingCF,
  title={Revisiting Carbon Flux Through the Ocean's Twilight Zone},
  author={Ken O. Buesseler and Carl H. Lamborg and Philip W. Boyd and Phoebe J. Lam and Thomas W. Trull and Robert R. Bidigare and J. K. B. Bishop and Karen L. Casciotti and Frank Dehairs and Marc Elskens and Makio C. Honda and David M. Karl and David A. Siegel and Mary Wilcox Silver and Deborah K. Steinberg and Jim Valdes and Benjamin A. S. Van Mooy and Stephanie E. Wilson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={316},
  pages={567 - 570}
}
The oceanic biological pump drives sequestration of carbon dioxide in the deep sea via sinking particles. Rapid biological consumption and remineralization of carbon in the “twilight zone” (depths between the euphotic zone and 1000 meters) reduce the efficiency of sequestration. By using neutrally buoyant sediment traps to sample this chronically understudied realm, we measured a transfer efficiency of sinking particulate organic carbon between 150 and 500 meters of 20 and 50% at two… 
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It is shown that one species, the copepod Calanus finmarchicus overwintering in the North Atlantic, sequesters an amount of carbon equivalent to the sinking flux of detrital material.
Carbon export and transfer to depth across the Southern Ocean Great Calcite Belt
Abstract. Sequestration of carbon by the marine biological pump depends on the processes that alter, remineralize, and preserve particulate organic carbon (POC) during transit to the deep ocean.
Ecosystem controls on carbon export efficiency from the naturally iron-fertilised phytoplankton bloom over the Kerguelen Plateau
In the ocean, the perpetual 'snowfall' of biogenic marine particles exports organic carbon from the well-lit surface layer to the deep sediments, promoting its sequestration. The efficiency of this
Observations and modeling of slow‐sinking particles in the twilight zone
The biological carbon pump (BCP) transfers carbon from the surface ocean into the oceans' interior, mainly in the form of sinking particles with an organic component, and thereby keeps atmospheric
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