Revisiting Amazonia Circa 1492

  title={Revisiting Amazonia Circa 1492},
  author={Betty J. Meggers},
  pages={2067 - 2070}
  • B. Meggers
  • Published 19 December 2003
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Science
How pristine are tropical forests? An ecological perspective on the pre-Columbian human footprint in Amazonia and implications for contemporary conservation
Archeologists, paleoecologists and anthropologists argue that ecologists need to give greater consideration to the pre-historical influence of humans in shaping the current structure and composition
Ancient Amazonian populations left lasting impacts on forest structure
Amazonia contains a vast expanse of contiguous tropical forest and is influential in global carbon and hydrological cycles. Whether ancient Amazonia was highly disturbed or modestly impacted, and how
Good Environment, Bad Environment
Like those in the Eastern Hemisphere, almost all indigenous civilizations or cultural traditions in the Americas were based in river valleys or closely related to river systems. Then, why have not
People, soil and manioc interactions in the upper Amazon region
Abstract Clara Patricia Pena Venegas (2015). People, soil and manioc interactions in the upper Amazon region. PhD thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands, with summaries in English and Dutch,
Dark earths and the human built landscape in Amazonia: A widespread pattern of anthrosol formation
Ancient anthrosols known as Amazonian dark earths or terra preta are part of the human built landscape and often represent valuable landscape capital for modern Amazonian populations in the form of
Human–environment interactions in pre-Columbian Amazonia: The case of the Llanos de Moxos, Bolivia
The reconstruction of past environmental and historical events is much needed in Amazonia, a region at the centre of heated debates about the extent of pre-Columbian human disturbance of the natural
Rewriting the Late Pre-European History of Amazonia
The conventional understanding of pre-European Amazonian people has been that of simple peoples living in small autonomous villages, sparse populations that survived though foraging and shifting
Climate and vegetation change in the lowlands of the Amazon Basin
Data from palynology, taxonomy, and isotopic analyses, allied to climate models, reveal the complexity of the history of Amazon ecosystems. Evidence from these records suggests that Pleistocene
Pre-Columbian human occupation patterns in the eastern plains of the Llanos de Moxos, Bolivian Amazonia
Despite an increasing number of publications regarding the Pre-Columbian earthworks of the Llanos de Moxos, there have been no serious attempts to undertake a systematic survey of the archaeological
A Holocene pollen record of savanna establishment in coastal Amapá.
The fossil pollen and charcoal records of Lake Márcio (Amapá) were used to provide a Holocene palaeoecological history of this region, and it is plausible to assume that the modern mosaic vegetation formed at that time.


Earthmovers of the Amazon
TRINIDAD, BOLIVIA-- For more than 30 years, archaeologists have clashed over whether the vast Bolivian river basin called the Beni could provide the resources for indigenous cultures to grow beyond
Extracting Humans from Nature
Traditional and indigenous people can claim incontrovertible rights to their land. As morally responsible humans we must support their struggle. This responsibility does not mean that as
Rethinking Tropical Forest Conservation: Perils in Parks
Abstract: According to some conservationists, large, pristine, uninhabited parks are the defining criterion of success in conserving tropical forests. They argue that human residents in tropical
Amazonia: Man and culture in a counterfeit paradise
Chapter 1 Preface to the Revised Edition Chapter 2 Preface to the Original Edition Chapter 3 Introduction Chapter 4 1. The Ecosystem Chapter 5 2. Aboriginal Adaptation to the Terra Firme Chapter 6 3.