Revision of Velvet Ant Genus Dilophotopsis Schuster (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) by Using Molecular and Morphological Data, with Implications for Desert Biogeography

  title={Revision of Velvet Ant Genus Dilophotopsis Schuster (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) by Using Molecular and Morphological Data, with Implications for Desert Biogeography},
  author={Joseph S. Wilson and James P. Pitts},
Abstract Taxonomy of the wide-ranging Nearctic velvet ant genus Dilophotopsis Schuster (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) is reviewed using molecular and morphological comparisons. The validity of the four designated subspecies of Dilophotopsis concolor (Cresson) is examined. Dilophotopsis concolor paron (Cameron) is morphologically and molecularly distinct from the other three subspecies, and it is raised to the species level [D. paron (Cameron), nov. stat.]. Dilophotopsis concolor crassa (Viereck) and… 
Species Boundaries of Sphaeropthalma unicolor (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae): Is Color Useful for Differentiating Species?
Morphological and molecular data are used here to investigate the different color forms of one of the most variable nocturnal velvet ant species Sphaeropthalma unicolor, and to report that Mutilla aspasia and Photopsis nebulosus are junior synonyms of S. mendica.
Phylogeographic analysis of the nocturnal velvet ant genus Dilophotopsis (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) provides insights into diversification in the Nearctic deserts
Analysis of phylogeographic patterns in a widespread nocturnal wasp genus Dilophotopsis shows that similar patterns of diversification exist in vertebrate and invertebrate taxa.
Nocturnal velvet ant males (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) of Deep Canyon, California including four new species and a fifth new species from Owens Lake Valley, California
The diversity of nocturnal velvet ants at the Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center of southern California is investigated and a new species-group is described to house S. fergusoni and the new species S. arnalduri, which is an apterous male described from Owens Lake Valley.
Caribbean and Mexican Additions to the Dasymutilla bioculata Species-Group (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
A study of Mexican and Caribbean species that closely resemble D. bioculata is presented, coupled with overlapping disparate ranges, to facilitate the following synonymies.
Evolution of the nocturnal Nearctic Sphaeropthalminae velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) driven by Neogene orogeny and Pleistocene glaciation.
Pleistocene Diversification of the Odontophotopsis unicornis Species-Group (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
A phylogeographic analysis of the Odontophotopsis unicornis species-group resulted in a well supported phylogenetic tree that reinforces the notion that O. unicornis and O. erebus are distinct species.
Nocturnal Velvet Ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) of Joshua Tree National Park, Riverside County, California with the description of three new species
The diversity of nocturnal velvet ants at Joshua Tree National Park (JTNP) is investigated along with seasonal activity. The diversity of velvet ants found at JTNP is compared to the diversity of
Phylogenetic species delimitation for the widespread spider wasp Ageniella accepta (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae), with new synonyms
It is concluded that the three species of the A. accepta species-group are actually a single, wide-ranging species with strong geographical signal and the results suggest introgression at the mitochondrial level.
Multifaceted assessment of species validity in the Dasymutilla bioculata species group (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
It is inferred that the ten species and eight subspecies composing the Dasymutilla bioculata species group share a recent common ancestor and cannot be adequately differentiated using any of the available data sources.
Preliminary Assessment of Velvet Ant (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) Diversity in the Deserts of Southern California
ABSTRACT. The deserts of southern California house a diverse and unique insect fauna. Velvet ants (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) are common in these deserts. Velvet ants are important to ecosystem health,


Revision of Odontophotopsis Viereck (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae), Part 1, with a description of a new Genus Laminatilla
This study presents part 1 of a revision of Odontophotopsis Viereck (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) and includes the cockerelli, dentifera, exogyra, hexadonta, quadridentata, setifera, tenuiptera, and
Sex association and synonymy in southwestern U.S. species of Dasymutilla (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
DNA sequence data is presented to show that D. candida Mickel is a junior synonym of D. monticola, and complete diagrams and descriptions of the male genitalia are given for the first time for each species.
Morphological and Molecular Revision of Zoanthus (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) from Southwestern Japan, with Descriptions of Two New Species
The molecular genetic results clearly show the presence of three monophyletic Zoanthus species groups with varying levels of morphological plasticity, including the new species Z. gigantus n.
Phylogeography and systematics of the Peromyscus eremicus species group and the historical biogeography of North American warm regional deserts.
The sequence of divergence within the eremicus species group and causal association of geological events of the Neogene and Holocene provide a working hypothesis against which phylogeographic patterns among other arid-adapted species of the warm regional deserts of North America may be compared.
Systematics and biogeography of the widespread Neotropical gekkonid genus Thecadactylus (Squamata), with the description of a new cryptic species
The systematics of the widespread neotropical gekkonid genus Thecadactylus is investigated using a combination of morphological, morphometric and mtDNA (cytochrome b) sequence data, forming a total evidence dataset that robustly resolves meaningful and repeatable patterns of relationship.
Molecular Sex Associations of Three Species of Nocturnal Velvet Ant (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae)
Pitfall trap sampling and light trapping for Mutillidae were conducted in Cache County, Utah and the females of the nocturnal mutillid species Dilophotopsis concolor crassa is S. nanula; the latter has priority and represents a new combination in DilophOTopsis.
Schusterphotopsis , a new genus of Sphaeropthalminae (Hymenoptera: Mutillidae) from California, with notes on the closely related genera Acrophotopsis Schuster and Dilophotopsis Schuster
A new genus of Mutillidae from southern California is described and illustrated, including the new species Schusterphotopsis barghesti Pitts, which can be distinguished from males of other sphaeropthalmine genera by the dilated and deeply emarginated condition of the mandibles.
Molecular Biogeography in the Pocket Mice (Perognathus and Chaetodipus) and Grasshopper Mice (Onychomys): the Late Cenozoic Development of a North American Aridlands Rodent Guild
  • B. Riddle
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1995
Nucleotide-sequence data from the mitochondrial DNA genes COIII and cytochrome b were used to analyze phylogeny, genetic divergence, and geographic structure within the pocket mice and grasshopper mice to produce a predictive generalized model of late Cenozoic area relationships among arid regions in western North America.
Phylogeography of the Western Lyresnake (Trimorphodon biscutatus): testing aridland biogeographical hypotheses across the Nearctic–Neotropical transition
Comparison of mtDNA lineages and taxa traditionally recognized as subspecies based on morphology suggest this taxon is comprised of multiple independent lineages at various stages of divergence, ranging from putative secondary contact and hybridization to sympatry of ‘subspecies’.