Review on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate

@article{Chaturvedi2013ReviewOT,
  title={Review on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate},
  author={Shalini Chaturvedi and Pragnesh N. Dave},
  journal={Journal of Energetic Materials},
  year={2013},
  volume={31},
  pages={1 - 26}
}
In this review data from the literature on thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate (AN) and the effect of additives to their thermal decomposition are summarized. The effect of additives like oxides, cations, inorganic acids, organic compounds, phase-stablized CuO, etc., is discussed. The effect of an additive mainly occurs at the exothermic peak of pure AN in a temperature range of 200°C to 140°C. 

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ABSTRACT In this article, we present experimental results of the combustion processes and thermal analysis of ammonium nitrate with carbonaceous materials. The thermal analysis was conducted by

Toward the Mechanistic Understanding of the Additives’ Role on Ammonium Nitrate Decomposition: Calcium Carbonate and Calcium Sulfate as Case Studies

TLDR
The presented computational results suggest that both carbonate and sulfate anions can intercept an acid proton from nitric acid issued from the first step of decomposition of AN, thus inhibiting its runaway decomposition and the generation of reactive species (radicals).

Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate

The thermal decomposition reactions of ammonium nitrate (AN) are reviewed. Both neat AN and AN containing various contaminants are examined, however quantitative kinetics results are not encompassed.

Effect of potassium chloride on thermal stability of ammonium nitrate under acidic conditions

Ammonium nitrate (AN) can decompose and further detonate under some conditions, e.g., in the presence of impurities which act as promoters. Its reactive hazards have been widely studied for several
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References

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The effect of the partial pressure of gaseous ammonia on differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric curves of ammonium nitrate has been determined. Observed variations of the thermal effect

Acid Catalysis in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate

Experimental measurements of the kinetics of thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate have been made in the temperature range from 443 to 553°K. The results indicate that the degradation of ammonium

The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate in fused salt solution and in the presence of added salts

The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate in a fused equimolar mixture of sodium and potassium nitrates has been studied. It is shown that the reaction is first order with respect to ammonium

A study of the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate using a gas chromatographic technique

The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate and associated mixtures in the range 170 to 200 °C has been studied by measuring the rate of evolution of nitrous oxide using a flow system in

Kinetic Regularities of the Heat Release for the Interaction of Some Organic Compounds with Ammonium Nitrate

Ammonium nitrate (AN) is used as an oxidant in a series of systems with a wide spectrum of applications, from explosive compositions up to smokeless stoichiometric self-burning compositions with low

The effect of nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide on the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate

The effect of the partial pressures of nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide in the gaseous phase (0–0.1 MPa) on the profile of differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric curves for ammonium

Ammonium Nitrate: Combustion Mechanism and the Role of Additives

This paper presents an analysis of the observed combustion behavior of AN mixtures with different additives, fuels, and energetic materials. It has been determined on the basis of flame structure
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