Review on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate

@article{Chaturvedi2013ReviewOT,
  title={Review on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate},
  author={Shalini Chaturvedi and Pragnesh N. Dave},
  journal={Journal of Energetic Materials},
  year={2013},
  volume={31},
  pages={1 - 26}
}
In this review data from the literature on thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate (AN) and the effect of additives to their thermal decomposition are summarized. The effect of additives like oxides, cations, inorganic acids, organic compounds, phase-stablized CuO, etc., is discussed. The effect of an additive mainly occurs at the exothermic peak of pure AN in a temperature range of 200°C to 140°C. 
Investigation of Сombustion and Thermal Analysis of Ammonium Nitrate with Carbonaceous Materials
ABSTRACT In this article, we present experimental results of the combustion processes and thermal analysis of ammonium nitrate with carbonaceous materials. The thermal analysis was conducted byExpand
Influence of selected potassium salts on thermal stability of ammonium nitrate
Abstract Ammonium nitrate (AN) has proven to be an unstable and hazardous component of mineral fertilizers. In order to analyze the influence of various potassium salts on thermal properties ofExpand
Inhibition effect of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate on the thermal decomposition characteristics and thermal sensitivity of ammonium nitrate
Abstract In order to analyze the inhibition effect of the additive on the thermal decomposition characteristics of ammonium nitrate (AN), thermal stability and thermal decomposition behavior of ANExpand
Experimental and theoretical study of the effect of typical halides on thermal decomposition products and energy release of ammonium nitrate based on microcalorimetry and FTIR
Abstract Ammonium nitrate (AN) is widely used as a raw material in industry and agriculture. However, the Beirut explosion in Lebanon once again shows that AN has a risk of thermal runaway duringExpand
Toward the Mechanistic Understanding of the Additives’ Role on Ammonium Nitrate Decomposition: Calcium Carbonate and Calcium Sulfate as Case Studies
TLDR
The presented computational results suggest that both carbonate and sulfate anions can intercept an acid proton from nitric acid issued from the first step of decomposition of AN, thus inhibiting its runaway decomposition and the generation of reactive species (radicals). Expand
A novel industrial-scale strategy to prevent degradation and caking of ammonium nitrate
TLDR
The hygroscopicity of ammonium nitrate was reduced using silicic acid, calcium lignosulfonate, and sodium silicate in the two-stage vacuum ammonium Nitrate production process. Expand
Effect of potassium chloride on thermal stability of ammonium nitrate under acidic conditions
Ammonium nitrate (AN) can decompose and further detonate under some conditions, e.g., in the presence of impurities which act as promoters. Its reactive hazards have been widely studied for severalExpand
Ammonium nitrate-MOF-199: A new approach for phase stabilization of ammonium nitrate
Abstract In this work we have utilized MOF-199 as a well known copper-based metal-organic framework (MOF), to study the thermal behavior of ammonium nitrate (AN). Our results indicate that MOFsExpand
Utilization of the By-Products for Simultaneous Purification of Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide in Bio-Trickling Process
The potential of using the waste from simultaneous NOx and SO2 purification bio-trickling process to leach copper ore and to make fertilizer was investigated. It was found there were two mainExpand
Fragmentation of Ammonium Nitrate Particles under Thermal Cycling
Ammonium nitrate finds application in explosives and chlorine-free slow-burning propellants. Different phases are known for this ammonium salt, each of them featured by peculiar bulk densities. As aExpand
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 121 REFERENCES
Effect of ammonia on the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate
The effect of the partial pressure of gaseous ammonia on differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric curves of ammonium nitrate has been determined. Observed variations of the thermal effectExpand
Acid Catalysis in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Nitrate
Experimental measurements of the kinetics of thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate have been made in the temperature range from 443 to 553°K. The results indicate that the degradation of ammoniumExpand
The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate in fused salt solution and in the presence of added salts
The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate in a fused equimolar mixture of sodium and potassium nitrates has been studied. It is shown that the reaction is first order with respect to ammoniumExpand
A study of the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate using a gas chromatographic technique
The thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate and associated mixtures in the range 170 to 200 °C has been studied by measuring the rate of evolution of nitrous oxide using a flow system inExpand
Catalytic effects of inorganic acids on the decomposition of ammonium nitrate.
TLDR
The results show that the mixtures of AN with acid are more unsteady than pure AN, and the self-accelerating decomposition temperatures (SADTs) of AN and its mixtures were calculated and compared. Expand
Kinetic Regularities of the Heat Release for the Interaction of Some Organic Compounds with Ammonium Nitrate
Ammonium nitrate (AN) is used as an oxidant in a series of systems with a wide spectrum of applications, from explosive compositions up to smokeless stoichiometric self-burning compositions with lowExpand
The effect of nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide on the thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate
The effect of the partial pressures of nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide in the gaseous phase (0–0.1 MPa) on the profile of differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric curves for ammoniumExpand
On the mechanism of the thermal transformations in solid ammonium nitrate
  • R. N. Brown, A. C. Mclaren
  • Chemistry
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1962
The thermal transformations which take place in solid ammonium nitrate have been studied with the following techniques: differential thermal analysis, measurement of d.c. electrical conductance,Expand
Thermal decomposition of ammonium nitrate-based composites
To evaluate the thermal stability of ammonium nitrate-water-in-oil emulsions, the thermal decomposition kinetics and resultant products were examined. As a baseline, the thermal stability of ammoniumExpand
Ammonium Nitrate: Combustion Mechanism and the Role of Additives
This paper presents an analysis of the observed combustion behavior of AN mixtures with different additives, fuels, and energetic materials. It has been determined on the basis of flame structureExpand
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