Review of the vapour pressures of ice and supercooled water for atmospheric applications

  title={Review of the vapour pressures of ice and supercooled water for atmospheric applications},
  author={Daniel M. Murphy and Thomas Koop},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
  • D. Murphy, T. Koop
  • Published 1 April 2005
  • Environmental Science, Chemistry
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
The vapour pressures of ice and supercooled water are reviewed with an emphasis on atmospheric applications. Parametrizations are given for the vapour pressure, molar heat capacity, and latent heat of vaporization of both ice and liquid water. For ice, the experimental vapour pressure data are in agreement with a derivation from the Clapeyron equation. Below 200 K cubic ice may affect the vapour pressure of ice both in the atmosphere and in the laboratory. All of the commonly used… 
Heat of freezing for supercooled water: measurements at atmospheric pressure.
Calorimetric measurements of the heat released by freezing water at atmospheric pressure as a function of supercooling show that the heat of freezing can be considerably below one predicted from a reversible hydrostatic process.
Temperature dependence of the vapor pressure and evaporation coefficient of supercooled water
We report measurements of the vapor pressure of water over the supercooled temperature range 248 to 273 K derived from evaporation kinetics measurements of single water droplets. Accurate
Activity of Supercooled Water on the Ice Curve and Other Thermodynamic Properties of Liquid Water up to the Boiling Point at Standard Pressure
The ice curve activity of supercooled water can be used as a universal basis for thermodynamic modeling of aqueous solutions, precipitating hydrated and anhydrous solids.
H2O and CO2 vapor pressure measurements at temperatures relevant to the middle atmosphere of Earth and Mars
Measurements of the vapor pressure of H2O and CO2 at temperatures relevant to the middle atmosphere of Earth and Mars are rare but important in order to describe cloud formation and ice particle
Measurements of the vapor pressure of cubic ice and their implications for atmospheric ice clouds
Under conditions commonly found in Earth's atmosphere, water can form two solid phases; hexagonal ice (Ih) and cubic ice (Ic). Recent reports have suggested that Ic may form in the atmosphere under a
Growth rate of crystalline ice and the diffusivity of supercooled water from 126 to 262 K
Using a pulsed-laser–heating technique, the crystalline-ice growth rate and liquid-water diffusivity for temperatures between 180 and 262 K in ultrahigh-vacuum conditions are determined, ruling out the hypothesis that water’s properties have a singularity at or near 228 K at ambient pressures.
Measurements of the Vapor Pressure of Supercooled Water Using Infrared Spectroscopy
Measurements are presented of the vapor pressure of supercooled water utilizing infrared spectroscopy, which enables unambiguous verification that the authors’ data correspond to the vapor pressure
Kinetics of the homogeneous freezing of water.
The most recent thermodynamic data for cubic ice (the metastable phase thought to nucleate from supercooled water) is used to estimate the interfacial energy of the cubic ice-supercooling water interface and a value of 20.8 +/- 1.2 mJ m(-2) is estimated.


Vapor Pressure Measurement of Supercooled Water
A new dewpoint hygrometer was developed for subfreezing temperature application. Vapor pressure of supercooled water was determined by measuring temperatures at the dew-forming surface and the vapor
Water activity as the determinant for homogeneous ice nucleation in aqueous solutions
This work shows from experimental data that the homogeneous nucleation of ice from supercooled aqueous solutions is independent of the nature of the solute, but depends only on the water activity of the solution, and presents a thermodynamic theory for homogeneous ice nucleation, which expresses the nucleation rate coefficient as a function of water activity and pressure.
Saturation vapor pressures over supercooled water
In analyses of certain nucleation problems in cloud physics, estimates of the saturation vapor pressure over water at very large degrees of supercooling are needed. For example, since nucleation of a
On Possible Interpretations of the Anomalous Properties of Supercooled Water
A search for ways to estimate thermodynamic properties of deeply supercooled water was undertaken to make it possible to analyze nucleation rates in droplets freezing in supersonic flow. It was found
A survey and new measurements of ice vapor pressure at temperatures between 170 and 250K
Saturated vapor pressures of ice at temperatures below 200K have become more important since the discovery of ice clouds in the polar stratosphere and upper mesosphere. Direct measurements of ice
Vapor pressure above ice at temperatures below 170 K
Ice clouds in the earth's atmosphere and the presence of ices in comets and on planetary surfaces have raised the interest in the formation and existence of ice particles and of ice in bulk matter.
Heat Capacity of Ice at Low Temperatures
The heat capacity of normal hexagonal ice has been measured over the temperature range 2° to 27°K with an estimated precision varying between ±2% at the lowest temperatures and ±0.2% at the higher
International Equations for the Pressure Along the Melting and Along the Sublimation Curve of Ordinary Water Substance
In order to define the phase boundary between the solid phase (ice) and the fluid phase (liquid and gas) of ordinary (light) water substance in pressure‐temperature coordinates, correlation equations
Supercooled and glassy water
The anomalous properties of cold and supercooled water, such as the fact that at sufficiently low temperatures it becomes more compressible and less dense when cooled, and more fluid when compressed,
High-pressure thermodynamic Gibbs functions of ice and sea ice
A new Gibbs thermodynamic potential function of ice Ih is proposed to extend and improve already existing ones and to unify various data and formulas for thermodynamic equilibrium properties of