Review of the biology, fisheries, and conservation status of the Atlantic Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Mitchill, 1815

  title={Review of the biology, fisheries, and conservation status of the Atlantic Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Mitchill, 1815},
  author={Eric J. Hilton and Boyd E. Kynard and Matthew Balazik and Andrij Z. Horodysky and Casey B. Dillman},
  journal={Journal of Applied Ichthyology},
Summary The Atlantic Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus, is a large member of the family Acipenseridae, historically reaching lengths of at least 4.6 m in length (with some estimates of 5–6 m). In North America, A. o. oxyrinchus occurs in major rivers and coastal environments along the east coast from Labrador, Canada to Florida, USA; there are also naturally occurring European populations in the Baltic and North Seas. There is evidence that at least 35 North American rivers… Expand
Stock composition of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus) encountered in marine and estuarine environments on the U.S. Atlantic Coast
Mixed-stock analysis of 1704 Atlantic sturgeon encountered across the U.S. Atlantic Coast highlights that AtlanticSturgeon populations are vulnerable to threats over vast areas and emphasizes the need for continued genetic monitoring to track recovery progress. Expand
Review of the history to the present of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus) in Latvian marine and inland waters with evidence from archeological sites
Abstract Over the past few centuries, sturgeons have experienced decline and, in some cases, extinction worldwide caused primarily by habitat loss stemming from human activities and overfishing. TheExpand
Contemporary and historical effective population sizes of Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus
The unique life history factors of this species may render it more resistant than other taxa to inbreeding effects, and a new, more robust and diagnostic approach based on sequential cohorts, termed Ne Max is proposed and provided. Expand
Natural stranding of Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus Mitchill, 1815) in Scot's Bay, Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia, from populations of concern in the United States and Canada.
This is the first report of a stranding event of Atlantic sturgeon, and describes a source of natural mortality affecting populations of concern in both Canada and the U. S. Expand
DPS and population origin of subadult Atlantic Sturgeon in the Hudson River
Abstract Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus is listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act as five Distinct Population Segments (DPS). Subadult Atlantic Sturgeon are highly migratoryExpand
Exploring Epidermal Mucus Protease Activity as an Indicator of Stress in Atlantic Sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrhinchus).
Proteomics is used to identify and characterize protease activity and identify putative novel protein biomarkers in the epidermal mucus of Atlantic sturgeon, finding that serine proteases are more active in otter trawl captures than brush weir captures. Expand
Argulus from the Pascagoula River, MS, USA, with an Emphasis on Those of the Threatened Gulf Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi
The results indicate that A. flacescens may not tolerate estuarine salinities and that the anadromous life-history pattern of Gulf sturgeon could help rid them of A.flavescens when they emigrate from their riverine habitats. Expand
Growth of juvenile Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus) in response to dual-season spawning and latitudinal thermal regimes
Results of analyses with the GDD model support evidence that spawning occurs in the fall only in systems south of the New York Bight, and the model could be applied in evaluation of scenarios of warming and dualseason spawning throughout the range of this subspecies. Expand
Development of Active Numerating Side-scan for a High-Density Overwintering Location for Endemic Shortnose Sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum) in the Saint John River, New Brunswick
In 1979, the Shortnose Sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum) population of the Saint John River, New Brunswick, was estimated at 18,000 ± 5400 individuals. More recently, an estimate of 4836 ± 69Expand
Genetic differentiation of spring-spawning and fall-spawning male Atlantic sturgeon in the James River, Virginia
The results represent the second documentation of genetically distinct dual spawning groups of Atlantic sturgeon in river systems along the U.S. Atlantic coast, suggesting that current reference population database should be updated to incorporate both new samples and increased understanding of AtlanticSturgeon life history. Expand


The fishery, biology, and management of Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrhynchus, in North America
Biological data are needed to identify and characterize specific spawning and nursery areas; delineate migratory patterns and recruitment to various stocks; establish stock abundance; and, assess effects of various management strategies. Expand
Status and management of Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus , in North America
The Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus, consists of two subspecies distributed along the Atlantic coast of North America from Labrador to the east coast of Florida (Atlantic sturgeon subspeciesExpand
A Review of the Status of Atlantic Sturgeon in Canada, with Comparisons to Populations in the United States and Europe
Abstract Anadromous Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus) occur in most large rivers and in the sea of Atlantic Canada. They are recorded as far north as George River, Labrador, but spawning isExpand
Status and Genetic Character of Atlantic Sturgeon in the Satilla River, Georgia
AbstractThe Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus is an important component of biodiversity along the Atlantic coast of North America, but most populations have been decimated by habitatExpand
Status of scientific knowledge, recovery progress, and future research directions for the Gulf Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi Vladykov, 1955
The present manuscript provides a comprehensive synthesis of knowledge regarding the Gulf Sturgeon at the organismal and population levels, identifying knowledge gaps as priorities for future research. Expand
Stock Origins of Subadult and Adult Atlantic Sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus, in a Non-natal Estuary, Long Island Sound
The anadromous acipenserid Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus was listed in 2012 under the U.S. Endangered Species Act as having four endangered and one threatened distinct population segmentExpand
Life history, latitudinal patterns, and status of the shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum
Historically, shortnose sturgeon inhabited most major rivers on the Atlantic coast of North America south of the Saint John River, Canada. Today, only 16 populations may remain. Major anthropogenicExpand
Conservation of Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus: delineation of stock structure and distinct population segments
It is concluded that at least nine distinct population segments (DPS) of Atlantic sturgeon exist along the Atlantic Coast of the U.S. and that philopatry is high for Atlantic Sturgeon and that each U.s. estuary analyzed hosts genetically distinct populations of AtlanticSturgeon. Expand
Dual Annual Spawning Races in Atlantic Sturgeon
A dual spawning strategy that likely occurs in various degrees along most, if not all, of the Atlantic sturgeon's range is described which managers and researchers should note when determining the status of AtlanticSturgeon populations and implementing conservation measures. Expand
Population origin of Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus by-catch in U.S. Atlantic coast fisheries.
Genetic mixed-stock analyses provide an accurate approach to determine the DPS and population origin of A. o. Expand