Review of plant biogeographic studies in Brazil

  title={Review of plant biogeographic studies in Brazil},
  author={Pedro Fiaschi and Jos{\'e} Rubens Pirani},
  journal={Journal of Systematics and Evolution},
  • P. FiaschiJ. Pirani
  • Published 1 September 2009
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • Journal of Systematics and Evolution
Abstract  Molecular phylogenetic studies have become a major area of interest in plant systematics, and their impacts on historical biogeographic hypotheses are not to be disregarded. In Brazil, most historical biogeographic studies have relied on animal phylogenies, whereas plant biogeographic studies have largely lacked a phylogenetic component, having a limited utility for historical biogeography. That country, however, is of great importance for most biogeographic studies of lowland… 

bIogEogRaphy of thE bRazIlIan atlantIc foREst: EVIdEncE fRom phylogEnEtIc data sEts and pERspEctIVEs foR fERn and lycophytE studIEs

Several biogeographic studies on plants and animals have focused on the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, a “hotspot” area for conservation. The majority of these investigations are on animals, and the most

Bioregions of Eastern Brazil, Based on Vascular Plant Occurrence Data

The geographical division of the Earth into meaningful biodiversity units (e.g., biomes, areas of endemism, ecoregions or bioregions) is a necessary step for the study of biodiversity and its

Biogeography of epiphytic Angiosperms in the Brazilian Atlantic forest, a world biodiversity hotspot

The available distributional data is analysed in order to define geographic distribution patterns, areas of higher species richness and endemism, and locate knowledge gaps regarding the epiphytic flora of the Brazilian Atlantic forest to enhance the knowledge of the biogeography of these species and highlight priority areas for their conservation.

Phytogeographic Meta-Analysis of the Vascular Epiphytes in the Neotropical Region

The Neotropical Region (NR) is one of the areas with the most plant diversity globally, and its richness of vascular epiphyte (VE) species is higher than Africa and Asia combined. This richness is a

Myrtaceae throughout the Espinhaço Mountain Range of centraleastern Brazil: floristic relationships and geoclimatic controls

Although biological surveys and taxonomic revisions provide key information to ecological and evolutionary studies, there is a clear lack of floristic and phytogeographic studies of the mountainous

Two centuries of distribution data: detection of areas of endemism for the Brazilian angiosperms

Brazil has high levels of biodiversity and has received strong criticism for the increasing country‐wide deforestation that threatens it. Although a significant percentage of land area in Brazil is

Cryptic diversity and biogeography of South American salamanders

A time-calibrated phylogeny and reconstructed ancestral bioregions and altitudes are generated to infer the colonization history of Bolitoglossa in South America and recognized 19 candidate species, of which 13 are confirmed candidate species.



Biogeography of South American Forest Mammals: Endemism and Diversity in the Atlantic Forest1

There is good congruence between the areas identified here and those proposed by other authors, reinforcing the value of PAE in this kind of analysis, but the hierarchical relationships among areas are not clear and sometimes discordant with other biogeographic analyses.

Southern hemisphere biogeography inferred by event-based models: plant versus animal patterns.

The results confirm the hybrid origin of the South American biota: there has been surprisingly little biotic exchange between the northern tropical and the southern temperate regions of South America, especially for animals.

Africa, the Odd Man Out: Molecular Biogeography of Dalbergioid Legumes (Fabaceae) Suggests Otherwise

A molecular biogeographic study in the legume family that suggests a vicariant biogeographical relationship between Africa and North America is presented, and is likely to be shown with additional phylogenetic analysis to be prevalent among legume groups and other taxa that diversified during the Tertiary in seasonally dry tropical vegetation.


The current major hypotheses are outlined, predictions relevant to integrated molecular approaches are developed, and the current evidence is evaluated, focusing on central African, Australian, and South American systems.

Biogeography and divergence times in the mulberry family (Moraceae).

Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of Fuchsia (Onagraceae) based on noncoding nuclear and chloroplast DNA data.

Parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses with nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL-F and rpl16 sequence data for 37 taxa representing all sections of Fuchsia and four outgroup taxa support previous sectional delimitations, except for F. verrucosa, which is described here as a new section VerrucosA.

The molecular phylogeny of Rebutia (Cactaceae) and its allies demonstrates the influence of paleogeography on the evolution of South American mountain cacti.

It is found that the clade of cephalia-bearing cacti with naked pericarpels is centered in northeastern Brazil, whereas almost all other clades comprise Andean species, and the phylogenetic reconstructions based on parsimony and Bayesian approaches do not reflect the traditional delimitation of the tribes and of the large genera.

Historical biogeography of two cosmopolitan families of flowering plants: Annonaceae and Rhamnaceae.

In both groups, long-distance dispersal appears to have played a more significant role in establishing modern patterns than had previously been assumed.


The results indicate an early north-south disjunction in Sinningieae and pinpoint the need for a phylogenetic framework to correctly understand area relationships and the relative contribution of dispersal and vicariance events in present-day distribution patterns.