Review of human decomposition processes in soil

  title={Review of human decomposition processes in soil},
  author={Boyd Barr Dent and Shari L. Forbes and Barbara Stuart},
  journal={Environmental Geology},
In-soil human decomposition is comprehensively described in terms of the physico-chemical and bacterial environmental conditions. Much of the understanding comes from considerations of cemetery studies and experimentation with adipocere. The understandings are relevant for further studies in cemetery management, exhumations, forensic investigations and anthropology. In the soil, cadavers are subject to various sets of decomposition processes principally resulting from aerobic (usually the… Expand
Preliminary Studies into the Characterization of Chemical Markers of Decomposition for Geoforensics *
Several previously unreported compounds were detected in the decomposition fluid samples during the trials, including benzeneacetic acid, benzenepropionic acid, 2‐piperidone, and isocaproic acid. Expand
The biochemical alteration of soil beneath a decomposing carcass.
Investigating the dynamics of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus-based compounds in soil beneath pig (Sus scrofa) cadavers (gravesoil) that were placed on the soil surface over a period of 100 days provides further evidence that a soil-based method has the potential to act as a tool for the estimation of extended PMI. Expand
Soil temperature calculation for burial site analysis.
A soil temperature calculation equation usually employed in civil engineering was used to calculate soil temperature at various depths in a cemetery located in Brisbane, Australia, in order to explain the extensive degradation of human remains and funerary objects observed at exhumation. Expand
Accepted 26 June 2017 A simulated burial experiment was carried out to evaluate the potential of soil lipids, as indicator for estimating the post mortem interval. The findings of this study willExpand
Burial grounds’ impact on groundwater and public health: an overview
The most common practice for disposal of dead bodies is inhumation in soil, which favours interactions with the surrounding environment and returns nutrients to the life cycle. However, when theExpand
Geological aspects of decomposition of corpses in mass graves from WW1 and 2, located in SE Poland
The investigations were carried out to identify processes and mineral products in the diversified subsoil sediments of mass graves from WW1 (four graves) and 2 (five graves) and their surroundings,Expand
Monitoring the extent of vertical and lateral movement of human decomposition products through sediment using cholesterol as a biomarker.
The density and distribution of cholesterol surrounding the cadaver in this study can help forensic investigators interpret cases involving remains that have been moved or scavenged and can aid the development of policies related to plot sizing and sediment renewal and regeneration at other human decomposition facilities and at cemeteries. Expand
Forensic taphonomy: processes associated with cadaver decomposition in soil
A series of laboratory and field incubations were carried out where juvenile rat (Rattus rattus) cadavers were buried in three soils of contrasting texture from tropical savanna ecosystems inExpand
Impact of cemeteries on groundwater contamination by bacteria and viruses - a review.
This review aims to familiarize the reader with the results of investigations related to the impact of cemeteries on groundwater bacteriology and virology, and provide practical guidance for decision-makers in the context of expansion and management of cEMeteries, as well as the location of new ones. Expand
Soil Fauna and Their Effects on Decomposition Within Coniferous and Deciduous Tree Soil Samples
Soils are dynamic environments that undergo constant change due to activities of the community that lives within and upon them. This dynamic system as a medium for corpse decomposition is littleExpand


Study and Interpretation of the Chemical Characteristics of Natural Water
  • J. Hem
  • Environmental Science
  • 1989
The chemical composition of natural water is derived from many different sources of solutes, including gases and aerosols from the atmosphere, weathering and erosion of rocks and soil, solution orExpand
Hygienic aspects related to burial
Burial grounds are generally provided by local authorities in cemeteries (subject to planning consent and to compliance with any considerations for environmental health). Their design has beenExpand
Physical and chemical hydrogeology
The Origin of Porosity and Permeability. Ground-Water Movement. Main Equations of Flow, Boundary Conditions, and Flow Nets. Ground Water in the Basin Hydrologic Cycle. Hydraulic Testing: Models,Expand
Carbohydrates in the unsaturated zone of the Chalk, England
Abstract The unsaturated zone of the Chalk has been examined for carbohydrates which could provide a potential food and energy supply for bacterial activity and influence the concentrations ofExpand
Biodegradation and Bioremediation.
This paper presents a meta-modelling study of growth-linked Biodegradation of Metals and Inorganic Pollutants using Nonaqueous-Phase Liquids and Compounds with Low Water Solubility and its effects on Bioremediation Technologies. Expand
Comparison of lipid composition in two types of human putrefactive liquid
The decomposition of a human cadaver was stopped after solidification of putrefactive liquid during a GIS Burial experiment. Knowledge of this phenomenon is necessary to optimize burial conditionsExpand
The identification of adipocere in grave soils.
Soil samples recovered from grave exhumations have been analysed in an attempt to identify and characterise adipocere contained in the samples. The soil samples were collected from differentExpand
A review. Possible sources of ethanol ante- and post-mortem: its relationship to the biochemistry and microbiology of decomposition.
  • J. Corry
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Journal of applied bacteriology
  • 1978
‘Post-mortem’ microbiology describes the effects of mode of death, isolation of organisms isolated from blood and other tissues, and the mode of spread of bacteria in human corpses. Expand
Land Treatment of Wastewater
Publisher Summary This chapter describes land treatment of wastewater and discusses the selection and design of system for land treatment. Minimum impact on the environment and minimum total cost ofExpand
Sorption between microorganisms and clay minerals as determined by the electrical sensing zone particle analyser.
Sorption between microbial cells and clay minerals was determined by measuring changes in particle size distribution with an electronic particle counter, and heat-killed cells of yeast lost their ability to sorb, whereas cells killed with benzalkonium chloride did not. Expand