Review of current clinical biomarkers for the detection of alcohol dependence.

@article{Tavakoli2011ReviewOC,
  title={Review of current clinical biomarkers for the detection of alcohol dependence.},
  author={Hamid Reza Tavakoli and Michael E Hull and Lt Michael Okasinski},
  journal={Innovations in clinical neuroscience},
  year={2011},
  volume={8 3},
  pages={26-33}
}
Alcohol dependence is often seen in a variety of clinical settings and requires attention to reduce medical complications, set up appropriate treatments, and minimize utilization of healthcare resources. Patient responses to questionnaires are often used to screen for alcohol problems, but can be misleading in the context of altered mental states or in a patient hesitant to disclose a pattern of alcohol use. Identifying the biochemical consequences of alcohol dependence has led to further study… CONTINUE READING

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