Review article: the diagnosis and management of food allergy and food intolerances

@article{Turnbull2015ReviewAT,
  title={Review article: the diagnosis and management of food allergy and food intolerances},
  author={J.L. Turnbull and H.-N. Adams and David Angelo Gorard},
  journal={Alimentary Pharmacology \& Therapeutics},
  year={2015},
  volume={41}
}
Adverse reactions to food include immune mediated food allergies and non‐immune mediated food intolerances. Food allergies and intolerances are often confused by health professionals, patients and the public. 

Food allergies and Intolerances: A clinical approach to the diagnosis and management of adverse reactions to food.

Gastrointestinal Food Allergies and Intolerances.

Food Allergy : Diagnostic Approach beyond the Clinic

TLDR
Diagnosis of food allergies in children starts with a careful dietary history to define the potential food triggers and the oral food challenge test is the definitive mean to ascertain clinical reactions to food.

Food allergy

TLDR
The management of food allergies to optimize prevention, and the diagnosis and management of these conditions, is an area that is controversial and still developing and this review focuses on this area.

Food allergy in adults

TLDR
The aim of the current article is to better equip clinicians to diagnose and manage IgE-mediated food allergy in adults and consider differential diagnoses.

Food allergy in children

TLDR
Understanding the rationale behind using different tests to diagnose FA and the impact of correct diagnosis on the management of ~hese children is facilitated.

Cow milk protein allergy and other common food allergies and intolerances

TLDR
This review focuses on the clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, treatment and prevention of food allergy and food intolerance, especially in young children.

The diagnostic value of APT for food allergy in children: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

TLDR
The role of atopy patch test in the diagnosis of food allergy (FA) remains largely controversial and the accuracy of APT for diagnosing FA in children is evaluated.

Food Allergy and Intolerance: A Narrative Review on Nutritional Concerns

TLDR
It is concluded that a correct diagnostic approach and dietary control of both immune- and non-immune-mediated food-induced diseases might minimize the nutritional gaps in patients, thus helping to improve their quality of life and reduce the economic costs of their management.

[Food allergy in children: recommendations for diagnosis and treatment].

TLDR
The treatment is based on the correct avoidance of responsible food (considering hidden allergens), besides patient and their care giver's education, to maintain a good quality of life.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 189 REFERENCES

Perceived food and drug allergies in functional and organic gastrointestinal disorders

Gastrointestinal symptoms are often due to functional disorders. Many individuals with abdominal symptoms believe they are allergic to or intolerant of various foods.

The psychosocial impact of food allergy and food hypersensitivity in children, adolescents and their families: a review

TLDR
The psychosocial impact of food allergy and food hypersensitivity in children, adolescents and their families: a review is a review.

Risk factors of adverse reactions to food in German adults

Background Allergic diseases have been increasing during the last decades. Previous studies suggest an impact of a variety of risk factors on the prevalence of food hypersensitivity.

Incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis in people with food allergy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

TLDR
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis for people with food allergy and relate this to other mortality risks in the general population.

Influence of a multidisciplinary paediatric allergy clinic on parental knowledge and rate of subsequent allergic reactions

TLDR
This study aims to assess the impact of a multidisciplinary paediatric allergy clinic consultation on parental knowledge of food allergy and to determine the rate of subsequent allergic reactions.

Confirmation of the association between high levels of immunoglobulin E food sensitization and eczema in infancy: an international study

TLDR
This data indicates that among those with moderate atopic eczema, more than 80% have high levels of IgE food sensitization (IgE‐FS) that are commonly associated with IgEFood allergy.

Colitis caused by food allergy in infants.

TLDR
By the age of 5 years most foods were tolerated and the colon was normal in the one child re-examined, and there was an atopic association, but no family history of classical inflammatory bowel disease.

Clinical manifestations of food allergy.

TLDR
The purpose of this review is to discuss the clinical manifestations of each of the different food allergy syndromes, which can result from immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated, non-IGE-mediated, or mixed IgE/non-IGE mechanisms.

A multicentre retrospective study of 66 Italian children with food protein‐induced enterocolitis syndrome: different management for different phenotypes

Food Protein‐Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is a non‐IgE‐mediated paediatric disorder triggered by the ingestion of specific food proteins. Many features of this syndrome are not yet well
...