Review article: the diagnosis and management of food allergy and food intolerances

  title={Review article: the diagnosis and management of food allergy and food intolerances},
  author={J.L. Turnbull and H.-N. Adams and David Angelo Gorard},
  journal={Alimentary Pharmacology \& Therapeutics},
Adverse reactions to food include immune mediated food allergies and non‐immune mediated food intolerances. Food allergies and intolerances are often confused by health professionals, patients and the public. 
Food allergies and Intolerances: A clinical approach to the diagnosis and management of adverse reactions to food.
Gastrointestinal Food Allergies and Intolerances.
Food allergy
The management of food allergies to optimize prevention, and the diagnosis and management of these conditions, is an area that is controversial and still developing and this review focuses on this area.
Cow milk protein allergy and other common food allergies and intolerances
This review focuses on the clinical manifestations, diagnostic evaluation, treatment and prevention of food allergy and food intolerance, especially in young children.
The diagnostic value of APT for food allergy in children: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
The role of atopy patch test in the diagnosis of food allergy (FA) remains largely controversial and the accuracy of APT for diagnosing FA in children is evaluated.
Food Allergy and Intolerance: A Narrative Review on Nutritional Concerns
It is concluded that a correct diagnostic approach and dietary control of both immune- and non-immune-mediated food-induced diseases might minimize the nutritional gaps in patients, thus helping to improve their quality of life and reduce the economic costs of their management.
[Food allergy in children: recommendations for diagnosis and treatment].
The treatment is based on the correct avoidance of responsible food (considering hidden allergens), besides patient and their care giver's education, to maintain a good quality of life.
Food Allergy and Intolerance: Diagnosis and Nutritional Management
  • J. Harbron
  • Medicine
    Nutrition Guide for Physicians and Related Healthcare Professions
  • 2022
Food intolerance is diagnosed with a clinical history, elimination diet, symptom improvement, and OFC, while breath tests can be performed to guide the elimination diet.
Update on food allergy
New technologies and improved in vitro and in vivo models will advance knowledge of the pathogenesis of food allergies and multicenter‐multinational cohort studies will elucidate interactions between genetic background, lifestyle, and environmental factors.
Perioperative considerations for the food‐allergic pediatric patient
An educational review will provide a brief overview of classic immunoglobulin E (IGE)‐mediated food allergies, less common non‐IgE food allergies and present perioperative considerations for these patients.


Perceived food and drug allergies in functional and organic gastrointestinal disorders
Gastrointestinal symptoms are often due to functional disorders. Many individuals with abdominal symptoms believe they are allergic to or intolerant of various foods.
Risk factors of adverse reactions to food in German adults
Background Allergic diseases have been increasing during the last decades. Previous studies suggest an impact of a variety of risk factors on the prevalence of food hypersensitivity.
Incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis in people with food allergy: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis for people with food allergy and relate this to other mortality risks in the general population.
Influence of a multidisciplinary paediatric allergy clinic on parental knowledge and rate of subsequent allergic reactions
This study aims to assess the impact of a multidisciplinary paediatric allergy clinic consultation on parental knowledge of food allergy and to determine the rate of subsequent allergic reactions.
Confirmation of the association between high levels of immunoglobulin E food sensitization and eczema in infancy: an international study
This data indicates that among those with moderate atopic eczema, more than 80% have high levels of IgE food sensitization (IgE‐FS) that are commonly associated with IgEFood allergy.
Colitis caused by food allergy in infants.
By the age of 5 years most foods were tolerated and the colon was normal in the one child re-examined, and there was an atopic association, but no family history of classical inflammatory bowel disease.
Clinical manifestations of food allergy.
The purpose of this review is to discuss the clinical manifestations of each of the different food allergy syndromes, which can result from immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated, non-IGE-mediated, or mixed IgE/non-IGE mechanisms.
A multicentre retrospective study of 66 Italian children with food protein‐induced enterocolitis syndrome: different management for different phenotypes
Food Protein‐Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome (FPIES) is a non‐IgE‐mediated paediatric disorder triggered by the ingestion of specific food proteins. Many features of this syndrome are not yet well
Food allergy knowledge of parents – is ignorance bliss?
The aim of this study was to investigate food allergy knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of parents with food allergic children in the Netherlands and a cross‐cultural comparison was made betweenParents from the USA and parents from the Netherlands.