Review article: gender-related differences in functional gastrointestinal disorders.

@article{Mayer1999ReviewAG,
  title={Review article: gender-related differences in functional gastrointestinal disorders.},
  author={Emeran A. Mayer and Bruce D. Naliboff and O Lee and Julie Munakata and Lin Chang},
  journal={Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics},
  year={1999},
  volume={13 Suppl 2},
  pages={65-9}
}
Many functional gastrointestinal disorders and other chronic visceral pain disorders such as interstitial cystitis and chronic pelvic pain are more common in women than in men. In irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) there is a 2:1 female to male ratio in prevalence of symptoms in community samples. Female irritable bowel syndrome patients are more likely to be constipated, complain of abdominal distension and of certain extracolonic symptoms. While animal studies have clearly demonstrated gender… CONTINUE READING

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