Review: The emerging role of Mediterranean diets in cardiovascular epidemiology: Monounsaturated fats, olive oil, red wine or the whole pattern?

@article{MartnezGonzlez2004ReviewTE,
  title={Review: The emerging role of Mediterranean diets in cardiovascular epidemiology: Monounsaturated fats, olive oil, red wine or the whole pattern?},
  author={Miguel Angel Mart{\'i}nez-Gonz{\'a}lez and Almudena S{\'a}nchez-Villegas},
  journal={European Journal of Epidemiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={19},
  pages={9-13}
}
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Greater adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet is associated with a significant reduction in total mortality.
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Severely obese subjects with a high prevalence of diabetes or the metabolic syndrome lost more weight during six months on a carbohydrate- restricted diet than on a calorie- and fat-restricted diet, with a relative improvement in insulin sensitivity and triglyceride levels, even after adjustment for the amount of weight lost.
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Clinicians should routinely advise patients with myocardial infarction to increase their frequency of consumption of Mediterranean foods, and this can be expected to lead to a substantial reduction in the risk of early death.
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